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Water quality improvement through macrophytes—a review

Abstract

Increasing urbanization, industrialization and over population is leading to the degradation of the environment. The main hazardous contents of the water pollution are heavy metals etc. Water bodies are the main targets for disposing the pollutants directly or indirectly. They are again at the receiving end as the storm water, residential and commercial waste is disposed into it. The prevailing purification technologies used to remove the contaminants are too costly and sometimes non-eco friendly also. Therefore, the research is oriented towards low cost and eco friendly technology for water purification, which will be beneficial for community. The present paper is a comprehensive review of approximately 38 literature sources. The paper discusses the potential of different aquatic plants (macrophytes) in purifying water and wastewater. Experimental work was developed to test the hypothesis that nutrient enrichment enhances metal tolerance of relative macrophyte.

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Correspondence to Sangeeta Dhote.

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Dhote, S., Dixit, S. Water quality improvement through macrophytes—a review. Environ Monit Assess 152, 149–153 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0303-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0303-9

Keywords

  • Emergent macrophyte
  • Submerged macrophyte
  • Free-floating macrophyte and heavy metals