Concentrations of heavy metals and aquatic macrophytes of Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar an anthropogenic lake affected by coal mining effluent

  • Virendra Kumar Mishra
  • Alka Rani Upadhyay
  • Sudhir Kumar Pandey
  • B. D. Tripathi


Five heavy metals Cu, Cd, Mn, Pb and Hg were found in high concentration from three sampling sites located in Asia’s largest anthropogenic lake Govind Ballabh Pant GBP Sagar. Concentrations of these heavy metals were measured in Water, bottom sediment and in different parts of the aquatic macrophytes collected from the reservoir. Plants collected from the lake were Eichhornia crassipes, Azolla pinnata, Lemna minor, Spirodela polyrrhiza, Potamogeton pectinatus, Marsilea quadrifolia, Pistia stratiotes, Ipomea aquqtica, Potamogeton crispus, Hydrilla verticillata and Aponogeton natans. These plants have shown the high concentrations of Cu, Cd, Mn, Pb and Hg in their different parts due to bioaccumulation. In general plant roots exhibited higher concentrations of heavy metals than corresponding sediments. A comparison between different morphological tissues of the sampled plants reveled the metal concentration in following order roots > leaves. Analyses of bottom sediment indicated the higher concentrations of Cd, Mn, Cu and Pb. Strong positive correlations were obtained between the metals in water and in plants as well as between metal in sediment and in plants. Indicating the potential of these plants for pollution monitoring of these metals.


Coal mines Heavy metals Aquatic macrophytes Sediment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Virendra Kumar Mishra
    • 1
  • Alka Rani Upadhyay
    • 1
  • Sudhir Kumar Pandey
    • 1
  • B. D. Tripathi
    • 1
  1. 1.Pollution Ecology Research Laboratory, Centre of Advanced study in BotanyBanaras Hindu UnversityVaranasiIndia

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