Waste water pollution in industrial areas is one of the most important environmental problems. Heavy metal pollution, especially chromium species in waste water sources from tannery affects our lives. Kocabas Stream is located in south-west Marmara region and Biga town is positioned in the sub basin on the stream. This water source functions as the water for irrigation in agriculture, drinking water for animals and for human use. Thus, this study is of great importance. Waste water pollution can affect all ecosystems and human health by directly or indirectly as in food chain. The concentration of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn and Cr) were pre-analysed by ICP-AES method in water samples taken from sub-basin of Kocabas stream. In the results of these analyses, concentrations of the metals except chromium were founded at the limit value. But the total concentration of the Cr was found at high levels of between 0.0082±’.0001 and 5.7231±’.0921 mg l−1 over the limit value (0.05 mg l−; WHO, EPA, TSE 266 and inland water quality classification) at sampling points very close to tannery factories. Also physicochemical and microbiological parameters of Kocabas Stream were determined. The effects of the experimental results on environment were investigated.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Abollino, Aceto M., Sarzani, C., & Mentasti, E. (2000). The retention of metal species by different solid sorbents. Mechanisms for heavy metal speciation by sequential three column uptake. Analytica Chimica Acta, 411, 223’37.
Akcay, H., Oguz, A., & Karapire, C. (2003). Study of heavy metal pollution and speciation in Buyuk Menderes and Gediz River sediments. Water Research, 37, 813’22.
Anazawa, K., Kaido, Y., Shinomura, Y., Tomiyasu, T., & Sakamoto, H. (2004). Heavy metal distribution in river waters and sediments around a ’firefly village,’Shikoku, Japan: Application of multivariate analysis. Analytical Sciences, 20, 79’4.
Anonymous (1991). Water pollution control governing statutes, sampling and analysing methods, Official paper, Ankara, 2078.
Baumgart, J. (1993). Mikrobiologische untersuchung von lebensmitteln. Hamburg: Behr’s Verlag.
Bitton, G. (1999). Wastewater mcrobiology. NewYork: Wiley-Liss.
Carre, M. C., Vulliermet, A., & Vulliermet, B. (1983). Environment and tannery, centre technique du cuir (p. 338). France: Lyon.
De Simone, L. A., & Howers, B. L. (1998). Nitrogen transport in shallow aquifer receiving waste water discharge: A mass balance approach. Water Research, 34, 271’85.
Dominquez, O., & Arcos, M. J. (2002). Simultaneous determination of chrominum (VI) and chromium (III) at trace levels by adsorptive stripping voltammetry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 470, 241’52.
Eaton, A. D., Clesceri, L. S., & Greenberg, A. E. (Eds.) (1995). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater (19th ed.). Washington, D.C.: American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, and Water Environment Federation. Section 2580, Oxidation-Reduction Potential.
El Sokkary, I. H. (1980). Mercury accumulation in fish from the Mediterranean coastal area of Alexandria, Egypt. Ves Journees Etud. Pollt. Cagliari, CIESM, pp. 493’96.
Goldman, C., & Horn, A. J. (1983). Limnology. Tokyo: Mc Graw Hill International Book Company, 404s.
Kara, C., & Comlekci, U. (2004). Investigation of Karacay’s (Kahramanmaras) pollution with biological and pyscho-chemical parameters. KSU Jounal of Science and Engineering, 7(1), 1’.
Method 200,7. (1994). Determination of metals and trace elements in water and wastes by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry, revision in methods for the determination of metals in environmental samples-supplement I. USEPA Office of Research and Development, EPA/600/R-94/111.
Novotry, K., Turzikova, A., & Komarek, J. (2000). Speciation of copper, lead and cadmium in aquatic systems by circulating dialysis combined with flame AAS. Fresenius’Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 366, 209’12.
Özcan, H., & Kavdir, Y. (2005) Gis Monitoring and Evalution of nitrogen pollution in the waters of Troy, Turkey. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 14, 28’5.
Özmen, H., Külahci, F., Şukurovali, A., & Doĝru, M. (2004). Concentrations of heavy metal and radioactivity in surface water and sediment of Hazar Lake (Elaziĝ, Turkey). Chemosphere, 55, 401’08.
Polat, M. (1997). Followed of physico-chemical parameters in river and lake. Water quality management seminar symposium book. Ankara, 45’7.
Schulze, E. (1996). Hygienisch-mikrobiologische wasseruntersuchungen. Methoden der biologischen wasseruntersuchung 1. Stutgart: Gustav Fischer.
Türkoĝlu, M., & Parlak, H. (1999). Accumulation and distribution of total chromium in seawater, sediment and some organisms and its behaviour processes in Izmir Bay (Aegean Sea). Ege Univ. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 16, 47’8.
Turkoĝlu, M., Parlak, H., & Büyükişik, B. (1992). A comparative study on Cr total concentrations of water, sediment and some benthic organisms of Izmir Bay. Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer Medit., 33, p.86, Trieste, CIESM.
Yayintaş, O., Yilmaz, S., Turkoglu, M., & Dilgin, Y. (2006). Determination of heavy metal pollution with environmental physicochemical parameters in waste water of Kocabas Stream (Biga, Canakkale, TURKEY) by ICP-AES. Environmental Biomonitoring and Assessment (in press).
Yigit, N., Colak, E., Ketenoglu, O., Kurt, L., Sözen, M., Hamzaoglu, E., et al. (2002). Environmental effect valuation (CED). Ankara, 354’81.
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Yayintaş, Ö.T., Yilmaz, S., Türkoĝlu, M. et al. Seasonal variation of some heavy metal pollution with environmental and microbiological parameters in sub-basin of Kocabas Stream (Biga, Canakkale, Turkey) by ICP-AES. Environ Monit Assess 134, 321–331 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-007-9623-4
- Kocabas Stream
- Heavy metals
- Physicochemical and microbiological parameters