Determination of heavy metal pollution with environmental physicochemical parameters in waste water of Kocabas Stream (Biga, Canakkale, Turkey) by ICP-AES

Abstract

Waste water pollution of industrial areas can answer for the serious consequences of one of the most important environmental threats to the future. In this study, inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry method (ICP-AES) is proposed to determine heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Cd, Cr, Zn, Al, Fe, Ni, Co, Mn) and major elements (Ca, Mg) in waste water of Kocabas Stream. The concentration of metals in the waste water samples taken from 9 different stations (St.) in Biga-Kocabas Stream in November 2004 (autumn period) were determined after simple pretreatment of samples by the proposed ICP-AES method. An analysis of a given sample is completed in about 15 min for ICP-AES the method. The results of heavy metals concentrations in waste water were found between 0.00001–77.69610 mg l−1 by the ICP-AES technique. The concentrations of Pb, Cd, Cu, Zn, Cr, Al, Fe, Mn, Ni, Co, Mg and Ca 0.00001 (St.3,6,7) – 0.0087 mg l−1 (St.9), 0.00001 (St.4-7) – 0.0020 mg l−1 (St.8), 0.00001 (St.1,3-7,9) – 0.0041 mg l−1 (St.2), 0.0620 (St.2) – 0.2080 mg l−1 (St.3), 0.0082 (St.6) – 0.2290 mg l−1 (St.8), 0.3580 (St.2) – 1.7400 mg l−1 (St.3), 0.2240 (St.1) – 0.6790 mg l−1 (St.3), 0.0080 (St.1) – 1.5840 mg l−1 (St.3), 0.0170 (St.3) – 0.0640 mg l−1 (St.2), 0.0010 (St.1,4,5,8) – 0.0080 mg l−1 (St.3), 5.0640 (St.9) – 5.2140 mg l−1 (St.1) and 43.3600 (St.2) – 77.6961 mg l−1 (St.9), respectively. Also we measured environmental physicochemical parameters such as temperature, salinity, specific conductivity, total dissolved solid (TDS), pH, oxidation and reduction potential (ORP), and dissolved oxygen (DO) in the waste water at sampling stations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Abollino, A.M., Sarzani, C., & Mentasti, E. (2000). The retention of metal species by different solid sorbents: Mechanisms for heavy metal speciation by sequential three column uptake. Analytica Chimica Acta, 411, 223–237.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Akcay, H., Oguz, A., & Karapire, C. (2003). Study of heavy metal pollution and speciation in Buyak Menderes and Gediz river sediments.Water Research, 37, 813–822.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Alonsa, E., Santos, A., Callejon, M., & Jimenez, J.C. (2004). Speciation as sreeening tool for the determination of heavy metal surface water pollution in the Guadimar river basin. Chemosphere, 56, 561–570.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Anazawa, K., Kaido, Y., Shinomura, Y., Tomiyasu, T., & Sakamoto, H. (2004). Heavy-metal distribution in River waters and sediments around a “Firefly Villageé, Shikoku, Japan: Application of multivariate analysis. Analytical Sciences, 20, 79–84.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Anonymous. (1998). Water pollution control governing statutes, Oficial paper (September 4). Ankara, 19919.

  6. Anonymous. (1991). Water pollution control governing statutes, sampling and analysing methods, Official paper. Ankara, 2078.

  7. Apha, Awwa, Wcph. (1992). Standart methods for the examination of water and waste water, 18th Edition, Washington DC, USA.

  8. Dominquez, O., & Arcos, J.M. (2002). Simultaneous determination of chrominum (VI) and chrominum (III) at trace levels by adsorptive stripping voltammetry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 470, 241–252.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. DSI. (2000). Annual flow observation report, 25th Region Directory, Bali kesir-TURKEY.

  10. 10 El Sokkary, H.I. (1980). Mercury accumulation in fish from the Mediterranenean coastal area of Alexandria. Egypt.Ves Journees Etud. Pollt., CIESM, 493.

  11. Goldman, C., & Horn, A.J. (1983). “Limnology”. Tokyol: Mc Graw Hill International Book Company, 404s.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12 Kara, C., & Comlekci, U. (2004). Journal of KSU, 7, 1.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13 Leotsinidis, M., Alexopoulos, A., & Kostopoulou-Farri, E. (2005). Toxic and essential trace elements in human milk from Grek lactating women: Association with dietary habits and other factors. Chemosphere, 61, 238–247.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Method 200.7: (1994). Determination of Metals and Trace Elements in Water and Wastes by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, Revision in Methods for the Determination of Metals in Environmental Samples-Supplement I, USEPA Office of Research and Development, EPA/600/R-94/111.

  15. 15 Morales, B. (1980). Ves Journees Etud. Pollt. CIESM, 369.

  16. Novotry, K., Turzikova, A., & Komarek, J. (2000). Fresenius. J. Anal. Chem., 366, 209.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Özmen, H., Külahci, F., Çukurovali, A., & Doğru, M. (2004). Concentrations of heavy metal and radioactivity in surface water and sediment of Hazar Lake (Elaziğ, Turkey). Chemosphere, 55, 401–408.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18 Polat, M. (1997). Followed of physico-chemical parameters in river and lake. Water quality management seminar symposium book, Ankara, 45–57.

  19. Turkoğlu, M., Parlak, H., & Büyükişik, B. (1992). A comparative study on Crtot concentrations of water, sediment and some benthic organism of Izmir Bay. Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer Medit., 33, 86.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Turkoğlu, M., & Parlak, H. (1999). Accumulation and distribution of total chromium in seawater, sediment, and some organisms and its behaviour processes in Izmir Bay (Agean Sea) Ege Univ. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 16, 47–58.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Yigit, N., Colak, E., Ketenoglu, O., Kurt, L., Sözen, M., Hamzaoglu, E., Karatas, A., & S. Ozkurt, S. (2002). Environmental effect valuation (CED). Ankara, 354–381.

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Selahattin Yılmaz.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Yayintas, O.T., Yılmaz, S., Turkoglu, M. et al. Determination of heavy metal pollution with environmental physicochemical parameters in waste water of Kocabas Stream (Biga, Canakkale, Turkey) by ICP-AES. Environ Monit Assess 127, 389–397 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-9288-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Major elements
  • Chromium
  • Inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy
  • Waste water analysis
  • Water pollution