Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 124, Issue 1–3, pp 235–241 | Cite as

Distribution of Ultraviolet solar Radiation at Riyadh Region, Saudi Arabia

Original Article


The ultraviolet UV solar radiation flux is monitored over a fixed time interval to study the daily, monthly and annual variations for a nearly one decade in Riyadh. Mathematical expressions will be presented based on a comparison between theoretical and experimental values. It is believed that the present analysis of UV radiation suggest that the environmental effects led to a better understanding of UV scattering, UV reflection, ozone and clouds layers in Riyadh and other selected areas in the mid-east region.


Ultraviolet UV radiation UV fluxes UV mathematical expressions Environmental effects Riyadh Saudi Arabia 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Al-Dhafiri, A.M., Al-Ayed, & Bin Mahfoodh, M. (2000). Long-term monitoring and analysis of hourly solar UV radiation in the 290–380 nm range in the middle region of Saudi Arabia. J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 50, 1045–1049.Google Scholar
  2. Alnaser, W.E. (1997). Solar ultra-violet radiation changes in Bahrain. Applied Energy, 57(1), 25–35. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Salhi, M.S., Al-Ayed, M.S., & Elani, U.A. (2001). Dimensionless parameters for infrared and ultraviolet solar radiation in riyadh area, presented at the Sharjah solar energy conference, University of Sharjah, Paper No. 172-STOIlO,United Arab Emirates, UAE.Google Scholar
  4. Al-Shibani, K.M., & Elani, U.A. (2001). An Investigation on the long-term performance of a silicon solar car. Inter. J. of Renewable Energy Eng., 3(2), 333–338. Google Scholar
  5. Bird, R., & Riodran, C. (1986). Simple solar spectral model for direct and diffuse irradiance on horizontal and tilted planes at the earth's surface for cloudless atmosphere. J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., Jan. 25. Google Scholar
  6. Katsambas, A., Andonion, C.H., Stratigos, J., Arvanitis, L., Zolota, F., Varotsos, C., Cartalis, C., & Asimakopoulas, D.N. (1991). A simple algorithm for simulating the solar ultraviolet radiation at the earth surface, an application in determining the Minimum Erythema Dose (MED). Earth, Moon and Planets, 53, 191–204. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mujahid, A.M. (1994). Correlation between ultraviolet radiation and global radiation in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Trans, of the ASME. J. of Solar Energy Engineering, 116, 63–66. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nijegorodov, N., & Luhanga, P.V.C. A new model to predict normal instantaneous solar radiation based on laws of spectroscopy. Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics, Renewable Energy, 13(4), 523–530. Google Scholar
  9. Parisi, A.V., Kimlin, M.G., Wong, J.C.F., & Wilson, M. (1998). Diffuse component of the ultraviolet radiation in tree shade, www.photobiology.com, 1999, 9 pages.
  10. Robaa, S.M. (2004). A study of ultraviolet at Cairo Urban Area. Solar Energy, 77(2), 251–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Sadler, G.W. (1992). Ultraviolet radiation at edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Solar Energy, 49(1), 13–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Smith, G.J. (1996). A solar erythemal monitoring program in New Zealand and Queensland. N. Z. Med. J., 103, 5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Solar Energy Research Group, Department of Physics & Astronomy, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhKingdom of Saudi Arabia

Personalised recommendations