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The Quality of Potable Water Types in Jordan

Abstract

Four different potable water types: tap water, desalinated water in private plants, homes filtrated and sealed bottled water were collected from four provinces in Jordan and analyzed for various physiochemical parameters and trace metals content. The results showed that quality of potable water varied depending on many factors such as: water quality at source, types of purification system, and the storage methods. None of the analysed parameters exceeded the national and international guideline for potable water except Nickel (Ni). The maximum concentration of Ni was found in tap water which can be attributed as network distribution system and metal storage tanks influences. The highest levels of salinity was evident in tap water. Potable water produced at homes using different types of purification systems indicated lowest levels of salinity. Minor variations in physiochemical parameters and trace metal contents were found between local and imported bottled water brands.

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Correspondence to Mufeed I. Batarseh.

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Batarseh, M.I. The Quality of Potable Water Types in Jordan. Environ Monit Assess 117, 235–244 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-006-0992-x

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Keywords

  • bottled water
  • heavy metals
  • Jordan
  • physiochemical parameters
  • potable water