Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

, Volume 109, Issue 1–3, pp 293–316 | Cite as

Trace Element Concentrations in Fish, Surficial Sediments and Water from Northern Part of the Persian Gulf

  • N. Pourang
  • A. Nikouyan
  • J. H. Dennis


Concentrations of cadmium, lead, nickel and vanadium were determined in water, surficial sediments and the muscle of three demersal fish species (Epinephelus coioides, Psettodes erumei and Solea elongate) from 15 sampling sites in the northern part of Persian Gulf. Concentrations of the elements were determined using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer. There were no significant differences among the sampling sites in Cd and Pb levels in the sediments. The highest concentrations of Ni and V in sediments were found near the southern coast of Qeshm Iland and Bandar Lengeh. Concentrations of Cd, Pb and Ni in the sediments were notably higher than global baseline values. Nearly in all cases the element concentrations in the sediments were considerably greater than RSA (ROPME Sea Area) and the ERL (Effects Range Low) guidelines. Significant differences among the sampling sites could be found for concentrations of all the four metals in water. The mean Ni, Pb and Cd levels in the water samples were relatively higher than those in some other regions of the Persian Gulf. Except few cases, the mean concentrations of the elements in muscle of the selected fish species were markedly below the international guidelines for human consumption.


fish Persian Gulf surficial sediments trace elements water 


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© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Office for Environment and Sustainable AgricultureMinistry of Jahad-e-AgricultureTehranIran
  2. 2.Iran Fisheries Research OrganizationTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Geography and Environmental ScienceUniversity of BradfordBradfordUK

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