European Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 148, Issue 3, pp 607–615 | Cite as

Pathogenicity of plant and soil isolates of Phytophthora parasitica on tomato and pepper

  • Amalia Boix-Ruiz
  • José Ignacio Marín-Guirao
  • Miguel de Cara-GarcíaEmail author
  • Francisco Camacho-Ferre
  • Julio César Tello-Marquina


Crown and root rot of tomato and sweet pepper can be caused by Phytophthora parasitica. In this work, 23 P. parasitica isolates from diseased pepper or tomato plants as well as 54 isolates from 23 monocrop tomato soils (from Spain and Chile) and one from a pepper soil were studied for their host–pathogen response. Results show significant host specificity for the isolates from tomato plants and tomato soils (63 of 64 isolates were unable to cause disease in pepper). None of the pepper plant/soil isolates showed pathogenicity on tomato, and only four of 14 reproduced their pathogenicity on pepper. Only one tomato isolate was pathogenic to both Solanaceae species. Two different inoculation protocols were evaluated (substrate irrigation and stem cutting). All isolates which expressed pathogenicity when stem inoculated also did it when root inoculated, but not vice-versa. Therefore, the recommended test protocol for tomato and pepper breeding programmes is that based on root inoculation by irrigation.


Mating type Phytophthora nicotianae Monocropping Root Stem infection 


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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amalia Boix-Ruiz
    • 1
  • José Ignacio Marín-Guirao
    • 1
  • Miguel de Cara-García
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Francisco Camacho-Ferre
    • 1
  • Julio César Tello-Marquina
    • 1
  1. 1.Grupo de Investigación AGR-200 “Producción Vegetal en Sistemas de Cultivo Mediterráneos”, Universidad de AlmeríaAlmeríaSpain
  2. 2.IFAPA-La MojoneraLa MojoneraSpain

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