Fusarium proliferatum has been identified as the main causal agent of bulb rot of garlic (Allium sativum L.). This disease occurs after the drying process and can rot almost 30 % of the bulbs. Few studies are available regarding the effectiveness of chemical treatments to reduce F. proliferatum incidence in garlic. The efficacy of three commercial fungicides of different chemical groups to reduce seven strains of F. proliferatum mycelial growth was tested in vitro. These three fungicides were also evaluated by foliar spreading of aqueous suspension in a field crop. Fluopyram 20 % + tebuconazole 20 % and tebuconazole 50 % + trifloxystrobin 50 % were highly effective at reducing mycelial growth in F. proliferatum with EC50 values <2 ppm. In general, the effectiveness of the fungicides was enhanced with increasing dosage. Our results indicate that the fungicides evaluated in this study may lead to a risk of resistance appearing in F. proliferatum at low concentrations and this risk is maintained at higher doses for the fungicide dimethomorph 7.2 % + pyraclostrobin 4 %. Although several of the fungicides affected in vitro mycelial growth of F. proliferatum, as a part of an strategy to measure the efficacy of resistance management it is necessary to monitor the ongoing efficacy of fungicides under commercial conditions. All fungicidal treatments tested in field application failed to control garlic bulb rot during storage.
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This research was supported by the Garlic Cooperative Coopaman SCL (Spain) Project P1520290111.
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Patón, L.G., Marrero, M.D.R. & Llamas, D.P. In vitro and field efficacy of three fungicides against Fusarium bulb rot of garlic. Eur J Plant Pathol 148, 321–328 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-016-1091-7
- Fusarium proliferatum
- Mycelial growth
- Garlic bulb rot