Partial resistance to Fusarium wilt was characterized based on root inoculation on seven pigeonpea genotypes with a virulent isolate of Fusarium udum. Resistance to wilt seems to be mainly due to localization of the pathogen in roots and vascular systems in the stem. Three components of resistance (wilting rate or incubation period, weighted wilt index and number of colonized plants) were determined and compared to those of susceptible genotypes Bahar and TTB7. There were significant differences between the genotypes for the resistance components. The mechanisms of resistance in the genotypes appeared to be different, with genotype ICP8863, having a longer incubation period, minimum wilt index and minimum pathogen colonization as compared to other resistant genotypes (ICP9174, ICP87119 and ICP8858). Wilting rate or incubation period and number of colonized plant were significantly correlated with resistance in adult plants in the field (AUDPC). Wilt index was useful in discriminating between genotypes that had a similar incubation period and number of colonized plants. The partial character of resistance is probably based on quantitative differences in localization capacity among the genotypes. A quantitative relationship between components, incubation period and number of colonized plants and the AUDPC, if verified for a large number of genotypes, may be used to obtain an index of resistance that may predict resistance levels in the field.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Ahlawat, I. P. S., Gangaiah, B., & Singh, I. P. (2005). Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) research in India—an overview. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 75, 309–320.
Baayen, R. P., Spaarnaaij, L. G., Jansen, J., & Neimann, G. J. (1991). Inheritance in carnation against Fusarium oxysporum fsp dianthi races 1 and 2, in relation to resistance components. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 97, 73–86.
Baayen, R. P., & van der Plas, C. H. (1992). Localization ability, latent period and wilting rate in eleven carnation cultivars with partial resistance to Fusarium wilt. Euphy, 59, 165–174.
Baayen, R. P. (2005). Regeneration of vascular tissues in relation to Fusarium wilt resistance of carnation. Europena Journal of Plant Pathology, 92, 273–285.
Campbell, C. L., & Madden, L. V. (1990). Introduction to Plant Disease Epidemiology. New York: Wiley.
Carlos Popelka, J., Terryn, N., & Higgins, T. J. V. (2004). Gene technology for grain legumes: can it contribute to the food challenge in developing countries? Plant Science, 167, 195–206.
Chaudhary, R. G., & Kumar, K. (2000). Role of width of xylem and root vascular bundles of pigeonpea in resistance to wilt. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 8, 102–104.
Eenink, A. H., Bijker, W., & Den Toom, A. (1982). Partial resistance in lettuce downy mildew (Bremia lactucae). 2. Differential interaction between plant genotypes and fungus races and relationship of latent period, infection frequency and number of infected leaves with the level of partial resistance. Euphy, 31, 73–83.
Eenink, A. H., & Dejong, C. J. (1982). Partial resistance in lettuce downy mildew (Bremia lactucae). 3. Correspondence between resistance levels of cotyledons and leaf discs and resistance of adult plants. Euphy, 31, 761–770.
Griffiths, H. M., & Jones, D. G. (1987). Components of partial resistance as criteria for identifying resistance. The Annals of Applied Biology, 110, 603–610.
Iamsupasit, N., Chakraborty, S., Cameron, D. F., & Adkins, S. W. (1993). Components of quantitative eresistance to anthracnose (Clletotrichum gloeosporioides) in tetraploid accessions of the pasture legume Stylosanthes hamata. Australian Journal of Experimental Research, 33, 855–860.
Jain, K. C., & Reddy, M. V. (1995). Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). Indian Journal of Genetics, 55, 434–437.
Johnson, A. D., & Wilcoxson, R. D. (1978). Components of slow-rusting in barley infected with Puccinia hordei. Phytopathology, 68, 1470–1474.
Lancashire, P. D., & Jones, D. G. (1985). Components of partial resistance to Septoria nodorum in winter wheat. The Annals of Applied Biology, 106, 541–53.
Marley, P. S., & Hillocks, R. J. (1993). The role of phytoalexins in resistance to Fusarium wilt in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Plant Pathology, 42, 212–218.
Marley, P. S., & Hillocks, R. J. (1996). Effect of root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) on Fusarium wilt in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). Field Crops Research, 46, 15–20.
Marley, P. S., & Hillocks, R. J. (2002). Induction of phytoalexin in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) in response to inoculation with F. udum and other treatments. Pest Management Science, 58, 1068–1072.
Mishra, S., & Dhar, V. (2005). Efficient method of inoculation by Fusarium udum, the incitant of pigeonpea wilt. Indian Phytopathology, 58, 332–334.
Okiror, M. A. (2002a). Genetics of resistance to Fusarium udum in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. Indian Journal of Genetics, 62, 218–20.
Okiror, M. A. (2002b). Evaluation of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) germplasm for resistance to Fusarium wilt. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 69, 600–601.
Parlevliet, J. E., & Kuiper, H. J. (1985). Accumulating polygenes for partial resistance in barley leaf rust. Puccinia hordei. I. Selection for increased latent period. Euphy, 34, 7–13.
Prava K. (2007). Evaluation of wilt (Fusarium udum) resistance and characterization of resistance gene analogs (RGAs) in pigeonpea, MSc thesis submitted to Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.
Reddy, M. V., & Raju, T. N. (1996). Infection and colonization of pigeonpea genotypes with difference degrees of susceptibility to wilt Fusarium udum. Indian Phytopathology, 49, 384–286.
Reddy, M. V., & Raju, T. N. (1997). Evaluation of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) varieties for resistance to wilt caused by Fusarium udum and sterility mosaic disease in a perennial system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 67, 437–439.
Saxena, D. R., & Khare, M. N. (1988). Root morphology and anatomy in relation to vascular wilt incidence in lentil. Indian Phytopathology, 41, 280.
Sinha, P., Kadu, L. K., Dhandapani, A., Jite, P. K., & Dhar, V. (2008). Pathogenic variability in Fusarium udum isolates causing wilt in pigeonpea. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 54, 23–29.
Steffenson, B. J., Wilcoxson, R. D., & Roelfs, A. P. (1985). Resistance of barley to Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici and Puccinia graminis f. sp. secalis. Phytopathology, 75, 1108–1111
Authors are thankful to ICRISAT, Hyderabad and IIPR, Kanpur India for providing the pigeonpea genotypes used in the study.
About this article
Cite this article
Sinha, P., Biswas, S.K. Slow wilting components in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan(L.) Millsp.). Eur J Plant Pathol 128, 503–509 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-010-9681-2
- Cajanus cajan
- Fusarium wilt
- Components of wilt resistance