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Detection of four calla potyviruses by multiplex RT-PCR using nad5 mRNA as an internal control

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Dasheen mosaic virus (DsMV), Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV), Konjac mosaic virus (KoMV) and Zantedeschia mild mosaic virus (ZaMMV) are important potyviruses previously identified in calla lily plants in Taiwan. In order to save time and cost of virus detection, a multiplex RT-PCR assay was developed for these calla potyviruses. Specific primers for each virus were designed based on the sequences of 3′ terminal region of respective viruses. To prevent false negative results, a primer pair specific to plant mitochondrial nad5 mRNA was used to produce a 185-bp fragment as an internal control of RT-PCR. The specificities of primers were confirmed by means of simplex and multiplex PCR assays. Optimal primer concentration ratio was identified by multiplex PCR assay. Total RNAs purified from virus-infected plants were used directly or mixed in different combinations, and then tested by multiplex RT-PCR. The result indicated that the expected RT-PCR products could be specifically amplified and identified on the basis of their molecular sizes. The detection sensitivity of multiplex RT-PCR was 25–625 times higher than that of indirect-ELISA (I-ELISA) depending on the virus. When applied to field surveys, multiplex RT-PCR could detect more single as well as mixed infection samples than I-ELISA. Accordingly, our multiplex RT-PCR assay provides a simple, rapid and reliable method for multiple potyvirus detection in calla lily.

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This study was supported by a grant from the National Science Council (NSC96-2317-B-002-002), Executive Yuan, Taiwan, R. O. C. We thank Mr. Ming-Chung Liu (TSIPS) for kind provision of calla lily samples, and Mr. Ying-Lien Chen for preparation of DsMV cDNA clone and specific primer design.

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Correspondence to Ya-Chun Chang.

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Hu, WC., Huang, CH., Lee, SC. et al. Detection of four calla potyviruses by multiplex RT-PCR using nad5 mRNA as an internal control. Eur J Plant Pathol 126, 43–52 (2010).

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