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Table 2 Estimates relating to the prevention of a first myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke in individuals aged 50 and above according to specified daily salt reduction

From: Quantifying the health benefits of chronic disease prevention: a fresh approach using cardiovascular disease as an example

Salt reduction (g/day) Proportion of people who will have first MI or stroke in the absence of treatment (%) Proportion of people who will have first MI or stroke with a reduced salt intake (%) Relative risk reduction (%) Absolute annual risk reduction (%) Proportion who benefit (HBp) (%) Among those who benefit: average years of life gained without an MI or stroke (HBag)
1.5 33 32 4 0.03 33 0.7
3.0 33 30 9 0.06 33 1.5
4.5 33 29 13 0.09 33 2.1
6.0 33 28 17 0.11 33 2.8