Suicide among Indigenous Sami in Arctic Norway, 1970–1998
- 276 Downloads
Suicide mortality was examined between 1970 and 1998 in a cohort of 19,801 persons categorized as indigenous Sami in Arctic Norway. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated using the suicide rates of the rural population of Arctic Norway as reference. There was a significant moderate increased risk for suicide among indigenous Sami (SMR = 1.27, 95% Confidence interval (CI): 1.02–1.56). In the study period, 89 suicides occurred in the cohort (70 men and 19 women) with increased suicide mortality both for indigenous Sami males (SMR = 1.27; 95% CI: 0.99–1.61) and females (SMR = 1.27; 95% CI: 0.77–1.99). Significant increased suicide mortality was found for young Sami aged 15–24 for both males (SMR = 1.82; 95% CI: 1.13–2.78) and females (SMR = 3.17; 95% CI: 1.17–6.91). Significant increased suicide mortality was found for indigenous Sami males residing in Sami core area (SMR = 1.54; 95% CI: 1.04–2.20) and for indigenous Sami males not belonging to semi-nomadic reindeer herding (SMR = 1.30; 95% CI: 1.00–1.65). Clusters of suicides in Sami core area may explain the increased suicide mortality found in subgroups among indigenous Sami.
KeywordsCause of death Cluster Indigenous Sami Suicide
Standardized mortality ratio
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
This project has been financed with the aid of EXTRA funds from the Norwegian Foundation for Health and Rehabilitation. The authors want to thank Bjarte Aagnes, Cancer Registry of Norway, for his computational assistance.
- 1.Thorslund J. Suicide among Inuit youth in Greenland 1977–86. Arctic Med Res 1991; (Suppl.): 299–302Google Scholar
- 4.Leineweber M, Bjerrregaard P, Baerveldt C, Voestermans P (2001) Suicide in a society in transition. Int J Circ Health 60: 280–287Google Scholar
- 6.Young TK (1994) The Health of Native Americans – Towards a Biocultural Epidemiology. Oxford University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 8.Chandler MJ, Lalonde C (1998) Cultural continuity as a hedge against suicide in Canada’s First Nations. Transcultural Psychiatry 35(2): 191–219Google Scholar
- 9.Aubert W (1978) The Lappish Population in Northern Norway. Aschehoug/ Universitets, forlaget OsloGoogle Scholar
- 12.Kvernmo S, Johansen Y, Spein AR, Silviken AC (2003) (Young in Sàpmi). Oaidnil 1:1–65. Centre of Sami Health Research, Department of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø Google Scholar
- 18.Hildal G. (Suicide among Sami youth.) Report of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic-Karasjok. 1997 (Available from Postbox 4, 9735 Karasjok, Norway)Google Scholar
- 20.Stevenson MR, Wallace LJ, Harrison J, Moller J, Smith RJ (1998) At risk in two worlds: Injury mortality among indigenous people in the US and Australia, 1990–92. Aust NZ J Public Health 22(6): 641–644Google Scholar
- 23.Gjertsen F (2002) Suicide in the Barents region. Suicidologi 3: 13–17Google Scholar
- 24.The National Register on Causes of Death. Statistics Norway. www.ssb.no/ 08.05.06Google Scholar
- 26.Berry JW (1985) Acculturation among circumpolar peoples implications for health status. Arct Med Res 40: 21–27Google Scholar
- 29.Kirmayer LJ (1994) Suicide among Canadian aboriginal peoples. Psychiatric Res Rev 31: 3–58Google Scholar
- 32.Hassler S, Sjölander P, Johansson R, Grönberg H, Damber L (2004) Fatal accidents and suicide among reindeer-herding Sami in Sweden. Int J Circ Health 63(Suppl. 2): 384–388Google Scholar
- 33.Hovland A (1996) Moderne urfolk – samisk ungdom i bevegelse. Cappelen akademiske forlag, OsloGoogle Scholar
- 37.Gjertsen F. [Trends in suicide. Data source, quality and comparability.] Essay – Master of Public Health. Nordic School of Public Health 2003: 35Google Scholar