The progressive increase in nanoparticles (NPs) applications and their potential release into the environment because the majority of them end up in the soil without proper care have drawn considerable attention to the public health, which has become an increasingly important area of research. It is required to understand ecological threats of NPs before applications. Once NPs are released into the environment, they are subjected to translocation and go through several modifications, such as bio/geo-transformation which plays a significant role in determination of ultimate fate in the environment. The interaction between plants and NPs is an important aspect of the risk assessment. The plants growing in a contaminated medium may significantly pose a threat to human health via the food chain. Metal oxide NPs ZnO and CuO, the most important NPs, are highly toxic to a wide range of organisms. Exposure and effects of CuO and ZnO NPs on soil biota and human health are critically discussed in this study. The potential benefits and unintentional dangers of NPs to the environment and human health are essential to evaluate and expected to produce less toxic and more degradable NPs to minimize the environmental risk in the future.
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This work was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, Project No. 5.948.2017/PCh and joint projects: RFBR No. 18-55-05023 and SCS No. 18RF-077.
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Rajput, V., Minkina, T., Sushkova, S. et al. ZnO and CuO nanoparticles: a threat to soil organisms, plants, and human health. Environ Geochem Health 42, 147–158 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-019-00317-3
- Food chain
- Human health