Advertisement

Colloid mobilization and heavy metal transport in the sampling of soil solution from Duckum soil in South Korea

  • Seyong Lee
  • Il-Won Ko
  • In-Ho Yoon
  • Dong-Wook Kim
  • Kyoung-Woong Kim
Original Paper

Abstract

Colloid mobilization is a significant process governing colloid-associated transport of heavy metals in subsurface environments. It has been studied for the last three decades to understand this process. However, colloid mobilization and heavy metal transport in soil solutions have rarely been studied using soils in South Korea. We investigated the colloid mobilization in a variety of flow rates during sampling soil solutions in sand columns. The colloid concentrations were increased at low flow rates and in saturated regimes. Colloid concentrations increased 1000-fold higher at pH 9.2 than at pH 7.3 in the absence of 10 mM NaCl solution. In addition, those were fourfold higher in the absence than in the presence of the NaCl solution at pH 9.2. It was suggested that the mobility of colloids should be enhanced in porous media under the basic conditions and the low ionic strength. In real field soils, the concentrations of As, Cr, and Pb in soil solutions increased with the increase in colloid concentrations at initial momentarily changed soil water pressure, whereas the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Fe, Ni, Al, and Co lagged behind the colloid release. Therefore, physicochemical changes and heavy metal characteristics have important implications for colloid-facilitated transport during sampling soil solutions.

Keywords

Colloid mobilization Heavy metal Ionic strength pH Soil solution Subsurface environment 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the “Climate Technology Development and Application” research project from International Environmental Research Institute (IERI) at Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea, in 2017.

References

  1. Amrhein, C., Mosher, P. A., & Strong, J. E. (1993). Colloid-assisted transport of trace metals in roadside soils receiving deicing salts. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 57(5), 1212–1217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Backhus, D. A., Ryan, J. N., Groher, D. M., MacFarlane, J. K., & Gschwend, P. M. (1993). Sampling colloids and colloid-associated contaminants in ground water. Ground Water, 31(3), 466–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Biddle, D. L., Chittleborough, D. J., & Fitzpatrick, R. W. (1995). Field monitoring of solute and colloid mobility in a gneissic sub-catchment, South Australia. Applied Clay Science, 9(6), 433–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brady, N. C., & Weil, R. R. (2008). The nature and properties of soils. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  5. Buddemeier, R. W., & Hunt, J. R. (1988). Transport of colloidal contaminants in groundwater: Radionuclide migration at the Nevada test site. Applied Geochemistry, 3(5), 535–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, G., Flury, M., Harsh, J. B., & Lichtner, P. C. (2005). Colloid-facilitated transport of cesium in variably saturated hanford sediments. Environmental Science and Technology, 39(10), 3435–3442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen, X., & Mao, S. S. (2007). Titanium dioxide nanomaterials: Synthesis, properties, modifications, and applications. Chemical Reviews, 107(7), 2891–2959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cheng, T., & Saiers, J. E. (2010). Colloid-facilitated transport of cesium in vadose-zone sediments: The importance of flow transients. Environmental Science and Technology, 44(19), 7443–7449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dai, Z., Fornasiero, D., & Ralston, J. (1999). Particle-bubble attachment in mineral flotation. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 217(1), 70–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dai, M., Martin, J.-M., & Cauwet, G. (1995). The significant role of colloids in the transport and transformation of organic carbon and associated trace metals (Cd, Cu and Ni) in the Rhône delta (France). Marine Chemistry, 51(2), 159–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. de Jonge, L. W., Kjaergaard, C., & Moldrup, P. (2004). Colloids and colloid-facilitated transport of contaminants in soils. Vadose Zone Journal, 3(2), 321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. DeNovio, N. M., Saiers, J. E., & Ryan, J. N. (2004). Colloid movement in unsaturated porous media. Vadose Zone Journal, 3(2), 338–351.Google Scholar
  13. El-Farhan, Y. H., DeNovio, N. M., Herman, J. S., & Hornberger, G. M. (2000). Mobilization and transport of soil particles during infiltration experiments in an agricultural field, shenandoah valley, Virginia. Environmental Science and Technology, 34(17), 3555–3559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gamerdinger, A. P., & Kaplan, D. I. (2001). Physical and chemical determinants of colloid transport and deposition in water-unsaturated sand and Yucca Mountain tuff material. Environmental Science and Technology, 35(12), 2497–2504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Graham, M. C., Vinogradoff, S. I., Chipchase, A. J., Dunn, S. M., Bacon, J. R., & Farmer, J. G. (2006). Using size fractionation and Pb isotopes to study Pb transport in the waters of an organic-rich upland catchment. Environmental Science and Technology, 40(4), 1250–1256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Grolimund, D., & Borkovec, M. (1999). Long-term release kinetics of colloidal particles from natural porous media. Environmental Science and Technology, 33(22), 4054–4060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grolimund, D., Elimelech, M., Borkovec, M., Barmettler, K., Kretzschmar, R., & Sticher, H. (1998). Transport of in situ mobilized colloidal particles in packed soil columns. Environmental Science and Technology, 32(22), 3562–3569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Haliena, B., Zheng, H., Melson, N., Kaplan, D. I., & Barnett, M. O. (2016). Decreased salinity and actinide mobility: Colloid-facilitated transport or pH change? Environmental Science and Technology, 50(2), 625–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hartland, A., Larsen, J. R., Andersen, M. S., Baalousha, M., & O’Carroll, D. (2015). Association of arsenic and phosphorus with iron nanoparticles between streams and aquifers: Implications for arsenic mobility. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(24), 14101–14109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hubbe, M. A. (1985). Detachment of colloidal hydrous oxide spheres from flat solids exposed to flow 2. Mechanism of release. Colloids and Surfaces, 16(3), 249–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Jassby, D., Farner Budarz, J., & Wiesner, M. (2012). Impact of aggregate size and structure on the photocatalytic properties of TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles. Environmental Science and Technology, 46(13), 6934–6941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kaplan, D. I., Bertsch, P. M., Adriano, D. C., & Miller, W. P. (1993). Soil-borne mobile colloids as influenced by water flow and organic carbon. Environmental Science and Technology, 27(6), 1193–1200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Karathanasis, A. D., & Johnson, D. M. C. (2006). Stability and transportability of biosolid colloids through undisturbed soil monoliths. Geoderma, 130(3–4), 334–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Keller, A. A., & Sirivithayapakorn, S. (2004). Transport of colloids in unsaturated porous media: Explaining large-scale behavior based on pore-scale mechanisms. Water Resources Research, 40(12), W12403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kim, I., & Kim, G. (2015). Role of colloids in the discharge of trace elements and rare earth elements from coastal groundwater to the ocean. Marine Chemistry, 176, 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Klitzke, S., Schroeder, J., Selinka, H.-C., Szewzyk, R., & Chorus, I. (2015). Attenuation and colloidal mobilization of bacteriophages in natural sediments under anoxic as compared to oxic conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 518–519, 130–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Knappenberger, T., Aramrak, S., & Flury, M. (2015). Transport of barrel and spherical shaped colloids in unsaturated porous media. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 180, 69–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kretzschmar, R., & Schaefer, T. (2005). Metal retention and transport on colloidal particles in the environment. Elements, 1(4), 205–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Liu, W., Wang, T., Borthwick, A. G. L., Wang, Y., Yin, X., Li, X., et al. (2013). Adsorption of Pb2+, Cd2+, Cu2+ and Cr3+ onto titanate nanotubes: Competition and effect of inorganic ions. Science of the Total Environment, 456–457, 171–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. McDowell-Boyer, L. M. (1992). Chemical mobilization of micron-sized particles in saturated porous media under steady flow conditions. Environmental Science and Technology, 26(3), 586–593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Mesticou, Z., Kacem, M., & Dubujet, P. (2014). Influence of ionic strength and flow rate on silt particle deposition and release in saturated porous medium: Experiment and modeling. Transport in Porous Media, 103(1), 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Miller, J. O., Karathanasis, A. D., & Matocha, C. J. (2011). In situ generated colloid transport of Cu and Zn in reclaimed mine soil profiles associated with biosolids application. Applied and Environmental Soil Science, 2011, 9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mills, W. B., Liu, S., & Fong, F. K. (1991). Literature review and model (COMET) for colloid/metals transport in porous media. Ground Water, 29, 199–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Mishurov, M., Yakirevich, A., & Weisbrod, N. (2008). Colloid transport in a heterogeneous partially saturated sand column. Environmental Science and Technology, 42(4), 1066–1071.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Mohanty, S. K., Saiers, J. E., & Ryan, J. N. (2015). Colloid mobilization in a fractured soil during dry-wet cycles: Role of drying duration and flow path permeability. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(15), 9100–9106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mohanty, S. K., Saiers, J. E., & Ryan, J. N. (2016). Colloid mobilization in a fractured soil: Effect of pore-water exchange between preferential flow paths and soil matrix. Environmental Science and Technology, 50(5), 2310–2317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Mui, J., Ngo, J., & Kim, B. (2016). Aggregation and colloidal stability of commercially available Al2O3 nanoparticles in aqueous environments. Nanomaterials, 6(5), 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Novikov, A. P., Kalmykov, S. N., Utsunomiya, S., Ewing, R. C., Horreard, F., Merkulov, A., et al. (2006). Colloid Transport of plutonium in the far-field of the Mayak Production Association, Russia. Science, 314(5799), 638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Oursel, B., Garnier, C., Durrieu, G., Mounier, S., Omanović, D., & Lucas, Y. (2013). Dynamics and fates of trace metals chronically input in a Mediterranean coastal zone impacted by a large urban area. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 69(1–2), 137–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pawlowska, A., Sznajder, I., & Sadowski, Z. (2017). The colloid hematite particle migration through the unsaturated porous bed at the presence of biosurfactants. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International, 24(21), 17912–17919.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Puls, R. W., Clark, D. A., Bledsoe, B., Powell, R. M., & Paul, C. J. (1992). Metals in ground water: Sampling artifacts and reproducibility. Hazardous Waste and Hazardous Materials, 9(2), 149–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Qi, Z., Hou, L., Zhu, D., Ji, R., & Chen, W. (2014). Enhanced transport of phenanthrene and 1-naphthol by colloidal graphene oxide nanoparticles in saturated soil. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(17), 10136–10144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Redman, J. A., Grant, S. B., Olson, T. M., & Estes, M. K. (2001). Pathogen filtration, heterogeneity, and the potable reuse of wastewater. Environmental Science and Technology, 35(9), 1798–1805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Roth, E. J., Gilbert, B., & Mays, D. C. (2015). Colloid deposit morphology and clogging in porous media: Fundamental insights through investigation of deposit fractal dimension. Environmental Science and Technology, 49(20), 12263–12270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Ryan, J. N., Aiken, G. R., Backhus, D. A., Villholth, K. G., & Hawley, C. M. (1999). Investigating the potential for colloid-and organic matter-facilitated transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in crude oil-contaminated ground water. US geological survey toxic substances hydrology program–Proceedings of the Technical Meeting (pp. 211–222), Charleston, South Carolina.Google Scholar
  46. Ryan, J. N., & Elimelech, M. (1996). A collection of papers presented at the symposium on colloidal and interfacial phenomena in aquatic environments colloid mobilization and transport in groundwater. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 107, 1–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ryan, J. N., & Gschwend, P. M. (1994). Effects of ionic strength and flow rate on colloid release: Relating kinetics to intersurface potential energy. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 164(1), 21–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ryan, J. N., Illangasekare, T. H., Litaor, M. I., & Shannon, R. (1998). Particle and plutonium mobilization in macroporous soils during rainfall simulations. Environmental Science and Technology, 32(4), 476–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Saiers, J. E., & Lenhart, J. J. (2003). Ionic-strength effects on colloid transport and interfacial reactions in partially saturated porous media. Water Resources Research, 39(9), 1256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Sang, W., Morales, V. L., Zhang, W., Stoof, C. R., Gao, B., Schatz, A. L., et al. (2013). Quantification of colloid retention and release by straining and energy minima in variably saturated porous media. Environmental Science and Technology, 47(15), 8256–8264.Google Scholar
  51. Seta, A. K., & Karathanasis, A. D. (1997). Atrazine adsorption by soil colloids and co-transport through subsurface environments. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 61(2), 612–617.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Sprague, L. A., Herman, J. S., Hornberger, G. M., & Mills, A. L. (2000). Atrazine adsorption and colloid-facilitated transport through the unsaturated zone. Journal of Environmental Quality, 29(5), 1632–1641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Thompson, A., Chadwick, O. A., Boman, S., & Chorover, J. (2006). Colloid mobilization during soil iron redox oscillations. Environmental Science and Technology, 40(18), 5743–5749.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Torkzaban, S., Bradford, S. A., & Walker, S. L. (2007). Resolving the coupled effects of hydrodynamics and DLVO forces on colloid attachment in porous media. Langmuir, 23(19), 9652–9660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wang, T., LaMontagne, D., Lynch, J., Zhuang, J., & Cao, Y. C. (2013). Colloidal superparticles from nanoparticle assembly. Chemical Society Reviews, 42(7), 2804–2823.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Zhang, J., Li, Y., Zhang, X., & Yang, B. (2010). Colloidal self-assembly meets nanofabrication: from two-dimensional colloidal crystals to nanostructure arrays. Advanced Materials, 22(38), 4249–4269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Zhang, H., & Selim, H. M. (2007). Colloid mobilization and arsenite transport in soil columns: Effect of ionic strength. Journal of Environmental Quality, 36(5), 1273–1280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Zhou, D., Wang, D., Cang, L., Hao, X., & Chu, L. (2011). Transport and re-entrainment of soil colloids in saturated packed column: effects of pH and ionic strength. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 11(3), 491–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zhu, Y., Ma, L. Q., Dong, X., Harris, W. G., Bonzongo, J. C., & Han, F. (2014). Ionic strength reduction and flow interruption enhanced colloid-facilitated Hg transport in contaminated soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 264, 286–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seyong Lee
    • 1
  • Il-Won Ko
    • 2
  • In-Ho Yoon
    • 3
  • Dong-Wook Kim
    • 4
  • Kyoung-Woong Kim
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Environmental assessment groupKorea Environment Institute (KEI)SejongRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Korea Natural Resources and Economic Research Institute (KNERI)SeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Decontamination and Decommissioning Research DivisionKorea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)DaejeonRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Department of Environmental EngineeringKongju National UniversityGongjuRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST)GwangjuRepublic of Korea
  6. 6.Faculty of Environmental StudiesUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)SerdangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations