Environmental Geochemistry and Health

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 745–755 | Cite as

Arsenic concentration in rice, fish, meat and vegetables in Cambodia: a preliminary risk assessment

  • Hong-Sheng Wang
  • Suthipong Sthiannopkao
  • Zhuo-Jia Chen
  • Yu-Bon Man
  • Jun Du
  • Guang-Hua Xing
  • Kyoung-Woong Kim
  • Mohamed Salleh Mohamed Yasin
  • Jamal Hisham Hashim
  • Ming-Hung Wong
Original Paper

Abstract

To assess arsenic contaminations and its possible adverse health effects, food samples were collected from Kandal, Kratie and Kampong Cham in Cambodia. The highest and the lowest concentrations were observed in fish (mean 2,832 ng g−1, ww) collected from Kandal province and cattle stomach (1.86 ± 1.10 ng g−1, ww) collected from Kratie, respectively. The daily intake of arsenic via food consumption was 604, 9.70 and 136 μg day−1 in Kandal, Kratie and Kampong Cham, respectively. The arsenic dietary intake in Kandal ranked No. 1 among all the 17 compared countries or regions. Fish consumption contributed the greatest proportion of total arsenic daily intake in Kandal (about 63.0 %) and Kampong Cham (about 69.8 %). It is revealed to be a much more important exposure pathway than drinking water for residents in Kampong Cham. The results of risk assessment suggested that the residents in Cambodia, particularly for people in Kandal province, suffer high public health risks due to consuming arsenic-contaminated food.

Keywords

Arsenic (As) Food consumption Cambodia Dietary intake Risk assessment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hong-Sheng Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Suthipong Sthiannopkao
    • 3
  • Zhuo-Jia Chen
    • 1
  • Yu-Bon Man
    • 2
  • Jun Du
    • 1
  • Guang-Hua Xing
    • 2
  • Kyoung-Woong Kim
    • 4
  • Mohamed Salleh Mohamed Yasin
    • 5
  • Jamal Hisham Hashim
    • 5
  • Ming-Hung Wong
    • 2
    • 6
  1. 1. Department of Microbial and Biochemical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical SciencesSun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Biology, Croucher Institute for Environmental SciencesHong Kong Baptist UniversityHong KongChina
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Engineering, College of EngineeringDong-A UniversityBusanRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuRepublic of Korea
  5. 5.United Nations University-International Institute for Global HealthKuala LumpurMalaysia
  6. 6.School of Environment and ResourcesZhejiang Agriculture and Forestry UniversityLinanPeople’s Republic of China

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