The study conducted in the Morinje Bay (Central Dalmatia, Croatia) included the investigation of the sedimentological, physico-chemical and geochemical properties of the Morinje Bay sediments in order to assess the suitability of the material for wellness-related purposes including medicinal use. The sedimentological characteristics of the Morinje mud are in accordance with the geological origin of the material; the sediment is fine grained, composed mostly of carbonates, quartz and clay minerals. The composition of the sediment determines the physico-chemical properties of the mud. The high content of carbonate minerals diminishes adsorbing the characteristics of the mud to some extent; however, they are still comparable to some commercial mud already successfully used for medicinal purposes. Geochemical analyses have shown that trace metals concentrations in the Morinje Bay samples were mostly in the range with similar material from unpolluted Adriatic environments. Only the concentrations of Cu, Pb, Zn and As were slightly higher than in the reference material, but still within acceptable limits.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Benade, W. (1930). Neue Methoden und Ergebnisse physicalischchemischer. Baderk, 5, 308.
Bunnell, J. E. (2004). Medical geology: Emerging discipline on the ecosystem-human health interface. EcoHealth, 1, 15–18.
Busenberg, E., & Clemency, C. V. (1973). Determination of the cation exchange capacity of clays and soils using an ammonia electrode. Clays and Clay Minerals, 21, 213–217.
Cara, S., Cargangiu, G., Padalino, G., Palomba, M., & Tamanini, M. (2000a). The bentonites on pelotherapy: Chemical, mineralogical and technological properties of materials from Sardinia deposits (Italy). Applied Clay Science, 16, 117–124.
Cara, S., Cargangiu, G., Padalino, G., Palomba, M., & Tamanini, M. (2000b). The bentonites on pelotherapy: Thermal properties of clay pastes from Sardinia (Italy). Applied Clay Science, 16, 125–132.
Carretero, M. I. (2002). Clay minerals and their beneficial effects upon human health. A review. Applied Clay Science, 21, 155–163.
Carretero, M. I., & Lagaly, G. (2007). Clays and health. Applied Clay Science, 36, 1–3.
Dogan, M., Dogan, U. A., Yesilyurt, F. I., Dogan, A., Buckner, I., & Wurster, D. E. (2007). Baseline studies of the clay minerals society special clays: Specific surface area by Brunauer Emmett Teller (BET) method. Clays and Clay Minerals, 55(5), 534–541.
Finkelman, R. B., Centeno, J. A., & Selinus, O. (2005). Medical geology: The emergence of a new discipline. Terrae, 2(1–2), 3–8.
Forestier, R., & Françon, A. (2008). Crenobalneotherapy for limb osteoarthritis: Systematic literature review and methodological analysis. Revue du rhumatisme (in French), 75(3), 214–224.
Gomes, C. S. F., & Silva, J. B. P. (2007). Minerals and clay minerals in medical geology. Applied Clay Science, 36, 4–21.
Ivanišević, G. (2003). Medical tourism in Croatia. In G. Ivanišević (Ed.), Book of presentations in scientific conference in Veli Lošinj, September 5–7 (pp. 22–28). Zagreb: Academy of Croatian Medical Science.
Ivanišević, G. (2006). Medical and tourist applicability of peloids of Morinje Bay near Šibenik, (in Croatian), a report. Zagreb, Croatia: Institute for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Medical School of the University of Zagreb.
Koch, G., Alajbeg, A., Šparica, M., & Bergant, S. (2000). Palynofacies, organic geochemistry and sedimentology of recent sediments from Morinje Bay (Middle Dalmatia, Croatia)—A contribution to the knowledge of formation processes of kerogen precursor of source rocks (in Croatian). In I. Vlahović & R. Biondić (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd Croatian geological congress (pp. 265–271). Zagreb: Croatian Geological Society, Croatian Geological Survey, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, INA, Hrvatske vode.
Lopez, E., Rousseau, M., & Bourrat, X. (2008). La Nacre, les biominéralisations et la pharmacopée. Biofutur, 27(291), 53–56.
López-Galindo, A., Viseras, C., & Cerezo, P. (2007). Compositional, technical and safety specifications of clays to be used as pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. Applied Clay Science, 36, 51–63.
Lowson, R. T., Brown, P. L., Josick Comarmond, M.-C., & Rajaratnam, G. (2007). The kinetics of chlorite dissolution. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71, 1431–1447.
Martinčić, D., Kwokal, Ž., & Branica, M. (1990). Distribution of zinc, lead, cadmium and copper between different size fractions of sediments, II. The Krka River Estuary and the Kornati Islands (Central Adriatic Sea). Science of the Total Environment, 95, 217–225.
Mascolo, N., Summa, V., & Tateo, F. (1999). Characterization of toxic elements in clays for human heling use. Applied Clay Science, 15, 491–500.
Mihelčić, G. (2006). Concentrations of some micro- and macroelements and radionuclides in the sediments of Telaščica Inlet (in Croatian), a project report. Zagreb: Ruđer Bošković Institute.
Mihelčić, G., Lojen, S., Dolenec, T., & Kniewald, G. (2006). Trace metals conservation in Morinje Bay sediment: Historical record of anthropogenic imissions into a shallow Adriatic Bay. Croatica Chemica Acta, 79(1), 161–167.
Miko, S., Koch, G., Mesić, S., Šparica–Miko, M., Šparica, M., Vreca, P., et al. (2007). Influence of land use in small karst watersheds on the chemical status of peloid sediments in the Eastern Adriatic Coast. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 7(5), 303–312.
Nissenbaum, A. (1999). Ancient and modern medicinal applications of Dead Sea asphalt (bitumen). Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48, 301–308.
Nissenbaum, A., Rullkötter, J., & Yechieli, Y. (2002). Are the curative properties of “Black Mud” from the Ead Sea due to the presence of bitumen (asphalt) or other types of organic matter? Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 24, 327–335.
Novak, R. (1975). Der einfluss des aufteilungszustands der peloide auf ihre physikalishen eigenschaften. In Č. Plavšić (Ed.), 16 ieme congres international de thalassotherapie (pp. 178–180). Opatija, Croatia: Institut de Thalassothérapie.
Odabaşi, E., Turan, M., Erdem, H., & Tekbas, F. (2008). Does mud pack treatment have any chemical effect? A randomized controlled clinical study. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 14(5), 559–565.
ÖNORM L 1084 (1999). Chemical analyses of soils—Determination of carbonate, ICS 13.080.10. Vienna: Austrian Standards Institute.
Pittler, M. H., Karagülle, M. Z., Karagülle, M., & Ernst, E. (2006). Spa therapy and balneotherapy for treating low back pain: Meta-analysis of randomized trials. Rheumatology, 45, 880–884.
Prohić, E., & Juračić, M. (1989). Heavy metals in sediments—Problems concerning determination of the anthropogenic influence. Study in the Krka River estuary, Eastern Adriatic. Environmental Geology and Water Sciences, 13(2), 145–151.
Sondi, I., Stubičar, M., & Pravdić, V. (1997). Surface properties of ripidolite and beidellite clays modified by high-energy ball milling. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 127, 141–149.
Šparica, M., Koch, G., Miko, S., Šparica-Miko, M., Bergant, S., Bačani, A., et al. (2005). Holocene sediments from Morinje Bay (Central Adriatic, Croatia): Their features and problem of anthropogenetic pollution. In I. Velić, I. Vlahović, & R. Biondić (Eds.), 3rd Croatian geological congress (pp. 149–150). Zagreb: Croatian Geological Society, Croatian Geological Survey, Faculty of Science, Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, INA.
Summa, V., & Tateo, F. (1998). The use of politic raw materials in thermal centres: Mineralogy, geochemistry, grain size and leaching tests. Examples from the Lucania atea (southern Italy). Applied Clay Science, 12, 403–417.
Summa, V., & Tateo, F. (1999). Geochemistry of two peats suitable for medicinal uses and their behavior during leaching. Applied Clay Science, 15, 477–489.
Tateo, F., Ravaglioli, A., Andreoli, C., Bonina, F., Coiro, V., Degetto, S., et al. (2009). The in vitro percutaneous migration of chemical elements from a thermal mud for healing use. Applied Clay Science, 44, 83–94.
Ubogui, J. (2006). Balneology for Psoriasis in Argentina. Alternative or complementary dermatologic therapy at Copahue thermal basin complex. In 35th congress of the international society of medical hydrology and climatology (p. 77). Istanbul.
Vdović, N., Bišćan, J., & Juračić, M. (1991). Relationship between specific surface area and some chemical and physical properties of particulates: study in the nortern Adriatic. Marine Chemistry, 36, 317–328.
Veniale, F., Bettero, A., Jobstraibizer, P. G., & Setti, M. (2007). Thermal muds: Perspectives of innovations. Applied Clay Science, 36, 141–147.
Viseras, C., Aguzzi, C., Cerezo, P., & López-Galindo, A. (2007). Uses of clay minerals in semisolid health care and therapeutic properties. Applied Clay Science, 36, 37–50.
Vojvodić, A. (1975). Unsere erfahrungen bei der peloide-therapie von degenerativen erkrankungen der wirbelsaule. In Č. Plavšić (Ed.), 16ieme Congres International de Thalassotherapie (pp. 193–196). Opatija, Croatia: Institut de Thalassothérapie.
Vreca, P., & Dolenec, T. (2005). Geochemical estimation of copper contamination in the healing mud from Makirina bay, central Adriatic. Environment International, 31, 53–61.
About this article
Cite this article
Mihelčić, G., Kniewald, G., Ivanišević, G. et al. Physico-chemical characteristics of the peloid mud from Morinje Bay (eastern Adriatic coast, Croatia): suitability for use in balneotherapy. Environ Geochem Health 34, 191–198 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-011-9434-y
- Peloid mud
- Morinje Bay