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Heavy metal contamination of paddy soils and rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Kočani Field (Macedonia)

Abstract

This research focuses on the heavy metal contamination of the paddy soils and rice from Kočani Field (eastern Macedonia) resulting from irrigation by riverine water impacted by past and present base-metal mining activities and acid mine drainage. Very high concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn were found in the paddy soils (47.6, 6.4, 99, 983 and 1,245 μg g−1) and the rice (0.53, 0.31, 5.8, 0.5 and 67 μg g−1) in the western part of Kočani Field, close to the Zletovska River, which drains the mining facilities of the Pb–Zn mine in Zletovo. In terms of health risk, the observed highest concentrations of these elements in the rice could have an effect on human health and should be the subject of further investigations.

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Acknowledgements

This research was financially supported by the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Republic of Slovenia (Bilateral Project between Republic of Macedonia and Slovenia for the years 2004–2005), and Geoexp, d.o.o., Tržič, Slovenia. Thanks to Dr. Paul McGuiness for linguistic corrections.

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Correspondence to Tadej Dolenec.

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Rogan, N., Serafimovski, T., Dolenec, M. et al. Heavy metal contamination of paddy soils and rice (Oryza sativa L.) from Kočani Field (Macedonia). Environ Geochem Health 31, 439–451 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-008-9197-2

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Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Paddy soil
  • Rice (Oryza sativa L.)
  • Contamination
  • Mining activities
  • Kočani Field
  • Macedonia