The investigation of metal concentrations in street dust samples in Aqaba city, Jordan

Abstract

The concentrations of metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Cr, Pb, Cd, Ni, Mn and Co) in 140 street dust samples were collected from Aqaba city, Jordan. These samples were determined using flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry after digestion with aqua regia. The highest levels of metal concentrations were found in the samples from heavy traffic. While the lowest levels of metal ions were noted in the street dust samples from hospital and health centers and school gardens. The results of this study were compared with several cities around the world. The levels of the metal concentrations found were generally below the mean world-wide values of street dust samples. Metal values in urban street dust samples were several times higher than the control levels. The statistical analyses were applied to the data matrix to determine the analytical results and to identify the possible source of pollution in the studied area. Correlations between the metal concentrations of the street dust samples were obtained. Factor analysis showed that the area was mainly influenced by three sources, namely lithogenic, traffic, and industrial.

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Correspondence to Omar Ali Al-Khashman.

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Al-Khashman, O.A. The investigation of metal concentrations in street dust samples in Aqaba city, Jordan. Environ Geochem Health 29, 197–207 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10653-006-9065-x

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Keywords

  • Street dust
  • Metals
  • Statistical analysis
  • Pollution
  • Traffic
  • Jordan