Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 89–111 | Cite as

The Definition, Assessment, and Mitigation of State Boredom Within Educational Settings: A Comprehensive Review

  • Jennifer J. Vogel-Walcutt
  • Logan FiorellaEmail author
  • Teresa Carper
  • Sae Schatz


Mitigating the situational factors that give rise to state boredom is a consistent challenge facing educators. Despite the growing amount of literature devoted to the construct, the field has yet to arrive at a consensus regarding a clear theoretical or operational definition. Subsequently, inconsistencies exist in the assessment methodologies, research findings lack generalizability, and strategies for mitigation in educational settings remain elusive. In this cross-disciplinary analysis, the extant literature on state boredom is critically reviewed and synthesized, and a two-dimensional definition of state boredom as an unpleasant (subjective), low-arousal (objective) experience is proposed. Findings from the technological advances of the last decade that allow for the objective measurement of physiological states are used to inform recommendations for empirically sound assessment methodologies. Finally, the proposed definition of state boredom and related assessment strategies are discussed with respect to implications for enhancing educational practices.


Boredom Learning Assessment Definition 



This work is supported in part by the Office of Naval Research Grant N00001410101. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the ONR or the US Government. The US Government is authorized to reproduce and distribute reprints for Government purposes notwithstanding any copyright notation hereon.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer J. Vogel-Walcutt
    • 1
  • Logan Fiorella
    • 1
    Email author
  • Teresa Carper
    • 1
  • Sae Schatz
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Central Florida, Institute for Simulation and TrainingOrlandoUSA

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