Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 113–139 | Cite as

Relevance and Goal-Focusing in Text Processing

  • Matthew T. McCrudden
  • Gregory Schraw
Original Paper


This article reviews the role of relevance in text processing. It argues that relevance instructions provided by instructors and texts help readers identify text segments that are germane to a reading goal. A taxonomy of relevance instructions is presented and four basic types of relevance manipulations are considered (i.e., targeted segments, elaborative interrogation, perspective, and purpose). This article also describes a four-stage goal-focusing model to explain how relevance affects attention allocation and text understanding. Directions for future research and educational implications are also discussed.


Relevance instructions Text learning Goal-focusing Reading Relevance effect 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Education and Human ServicesUniversity of North FloridaJacksonvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of Nevada-Las VegasLas VegasUSA

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