Antioxidative and antifungal response of woody species to environmental conditions in the urban area

Abstract

The complexity of ecological conditions in urban areas imposes the plant species need for the development of various biochemical and physiological adaptive strategies. The aim of our research was to examine the antioxidative and antifungal metabolism of species Pinus nigra, Picea omorika, Tilia cordata and Betula pendula from the area of Banja Luka City (urban area) during two vegetation seasons (spring and autumn) and compared with the same species from forest habitats. Changes in the protein concentration, activity and isoenzyme profiles of peroxidases (POD, EC 1.11.1.7), content and antioxidative activity of total phenols and antifungal activity in leaves and needles of the plants from the urban area and forest habitats were monitored. The obtained results indicate that urban areas induce changes in antioxidative metabolism in all examined species, but that the response is species specific. The most sensitive parameter that indicates different adaptation strategy of Pinus nigra, Picea omorika, Tilia cordata and Betula pendula to environment conditions in the urban area were peroxidase isoenzyme patterns. Less specific parameter was phenol content even though there are some indications for role of their antioxidative capacity in the adjustment to specific habitat. In addition, each species had different metabolic strategy to cope with the changes caused by the urban environment.

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Acknowledgements

This research was financed by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republika Srpska through project no. 19/6-020/961-46/12. For statistical data processing we owe our thanks to colleague Borut Bosanc(ic' M.Sc. from the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of Banja Luka.

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Correspondence to Dino Hasanagić.

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Šuškalo, N., Hasanagić, D., Topalić-Trivunović, L. et al. Antioxidative and antifungal response of woody species to environmental conditions in the urban area. Ecotoxicology 27, 1095–1106 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-018-1963-z

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Keywords

  • Urban environment
  • Peroxidases
  • Phenols
  • Antifungal activity
  • Woody plants