The mysid Siriella armata as a model organism in marine ecotoxicology: comparative acute toxicity sensitivity with Daphnia magna

Abstract

Siriella armata (Crustacea, Mysidacea) is a component of the coastal zooplankton that lives in swarms in the shallow waters of the European neritic zone, from the North Sea to the Mediterranean. Juveniles of this species were examined as standard test organisms for use in marine acute toxicity tests. The effects of reference toxicants, three trace metals (Copper, Cadmium and Zinc), and one surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were studied on S. armata neonates (<24 h) reared in the laboratory. Acute toxicity tests were carried out with filtered sea water on individual chambers (microplate wells for metals or glass vials for SDS) incubated in an isothermal room at 20°C, with 16 h light: 8 h dark photoperiod for 96 h. Each neonate was fed daily with 10–15 nauplii of Artemia salina. Acute (96 h) LC50 values, in increasing order, were 46.9 μg/L for Cu, 99.3 μg/L for Cd, 466.7 μg/L for Zn and 8.5 mg/L for SDS. The LC10, NOEC and LOEC values were also calculated. Results were compared with Daphnia magna, a freshwater cladoceran widely used as a standard ecotoxicological test organism. Acute (48 h) LC50 values were 56.2 μg/L for Cu, 571.5 μg/L for Cd, 1.3 mg/L for Zn and 27.3 mg/L for SDS. For all the reference toxicants studied, the marine mysid Siriella armata showed higher sensitivity than the freshwater model organism Daphnia magna, validating the use of Siriella mysids as model organisms in marine acute toxicity tests.

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Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Dr. J. Bellas, I. Durán, D. Rial and the staff of Department of Ecology and Animal Biology (University of Vigo, Galicia, Spain). We are also grateful to E. Poza, R. Gómez, D. Costas and M.J. Valcarce for the capture and maintenance of mysids in the laboratory, and all the staff of Estación de Ciencias Mariñas de Toralla (ECIMAT, Vigo, Galicia) for their support during the course of this work. S. Pérez was granted with a fellowship from the University of Vigo. This study was also partially funded by the research proyect PGIDIT05RMA31201PR from Xunta de Galicia.

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Correspondence to Sara Pérez.

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Pérez, S., Beiras, R. The mysid Siriella armata as a model organism in marine ecotoxicology: comparative acute toxicity sensitivity with Daphnia magna . Ecotoxicology 19, 196 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-009-0405-3

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Keywords

  • Mysidacea
  • Siriella armata
  • Daphnia magna
  • Ecotoxicology
  • Metals
  • SDS