Ecotoxicology

, 19:153 | Cite as

Wintering area DDE source to migratory white-faced ibis revealed by satellite telemetry and prey sampling

  • Michael A. Yates
  • Mark R. Fuller
  • Charles J. Henny
  • William S. Seegar
  • Jaqueline Garcia
Article

Abstract

Locations of contaminant exposure for nesting migratory species are difficult to fully understand because of possible additional sources encountered during migration or on the wintering grounds. A portion of the migratory white-faced ibis (Plegadischihi) nesting at Carson Lake, Nevada continues to be exposed to dichloro-diphenyldichloro-ethylene (DDE) with no change, which is unusual, observed in egg concentrations between 1985 and 2000. About 45–63% of the earliest nesting segment shows reduced reproductive success correlated with elevated egg concentrations of >4 μg/g wet weight (ww). Local prey (primarily earthworms) near nests contained little DDE so we tracked the migration and wintering movements of 20 adult males during 2000–2004 to determine the possible source. At various wintering sites, we found a correlation (r2 = 0.518, P = 0.0125, N = 11) between DDE in earthworm composites and DDE in blood plasma of white-faced ibis wintering there, although the plasma was collected on their breeding grounds soon after arrival. The main source of DDE was wintering areas in the Mexicali Valley of Baja California Norte, Mexico, and probably the adjacent Imperial Valley, California, USA. This unusual continuing DDE problem for white-faced ibis is associated with: the long-term persistence in soil of DDE; the earthworms’ ability to bioconcentrate DDE from soil; the proclivity of white-faced ibis to feed on earthworms in agricultural fields; the species’s extreme sensitivity to DDE in their eggs; and perhaps its life history strategy of being a “capital breeder”. We suggest surveying and sampling white-faced ibis eggs at nesting colonies, especially at Carson Lake, to monitor the continuing influence of DDE.

Keywords

DDE White-faced ibis Earthworms North America Migration Satellite telemetry 

References

  1. Argos (2007) Online Argos User’s Manual. CLS, Ramonville Saint-Agne, France. https://www.argos-system.org/manual/
  2. Beyer WN, Gish CD (1980) Persistence in earthworms and potential hazards to birds of soil applied DDT, dieldrin and heptachlor. J Appl Ecol 17:295–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Birds of North America (1992–2003) (Poole A, Gill F, eds), Cornell Lab Ornithology and Acad Nat Sci. Ithaca, NY and Philadelphia, PA (Misc. Species Accounts)Google Scholar
  4. Blanco G, Rodriguez-Estrella R (1998) Human activity may benefit white-faced ibises overwintering in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Colon Waterbirds 21:274–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blus LJ (2003) Organochlorine pesticides. In: Hoffman DJ, Rattner BA, Burton GA Jr, Cairns J Jr (eds) Handbook of ecotoxicology, 2nd ed. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, pp 313–339Google Scholar
  6. Blus LJ, Henny CJ, Stafford CJ, Grove RA (1987) Persistence of DDT and metabolites in wildlife from Washington State orchards. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 16:467–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bray MP, Klebenow DA (1988) Feeding ecology of white-faced ibises in a Great Basin valley, USA. Colon Waterbirds 11:24–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Callahan CA, Menzie CA, Burmaster DE, Wilborn DC, Ernst T (1991) On-site methods for assessing chemical impact on the soil environment using earthworms: a case study at the Baird and McGuire Superfund Site, Holbrook, Massachusetts. Environ Toxicol Chem 10:817–826CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Capen DE (1977) The impact of pesticides on the white-faced ibis. PhD Dissertation. Utah State University, LoganGoogle Scholar
  10. Cromartie E, Reichel WL, Locke LN, Belisle AA, Kaiser TEG, Lamont TG, Mulhern BM, Prouty RMS, Swineford DM (1975) Residues of organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls and autopsy data for bald eagles, 1971–72. Pestic Monit J 9:11–14Google Scholar
  11. Custer TW, Mitchell CA (1989) Organochlorine contaminants in white-faced ibis eggs in southern Texas. Colon Waterbirds 12:126–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dileanis PD, Sorenson SK, Schwarzbach SE, Maurer TC (1992) Reconnaissance investigation of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex, California, 1988–89. U.S. Geol. Surv Water-Resour Invest Rep 92-4036Google Scholar
  13. Dileanis PD, Schwarzbach SE, Bennett J (1996) Detailed study of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Klamath Basin, California and Oregon, 1990–92 (abs). U.S. Geol. Surv Water-Resour Invest Rep 95-4232Google Scholar
  14. Earnst SL, Neel L, Ivey GL, Zimmerman T (1998) Status of the white-faced ibis: Breeding colony dynamics of the Great Basin population, 1985–1997. Colon Waterbirds 21:301–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Edwards CA, Jeffs K (1974) Rate of uptake of DDT from soil by earthworms. Nature 247:158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Elliott JE, Martin PA, Arnold TW, Sinclair PH (1994) Organochlorines and reproductive success of birds in orchard and non-orchard areas of central British Columbia, Canada, 1990–91. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 26:435–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Elliott JE, Morrissey CA, Henny CJ, Inzunza ER, Shaw P (2007) Satellite telemetry and prey sampling reveal contaminant sources to Pacific Northwest Ospreys. Ecol Appl 17:1223–1233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Extoxnet (1994) DDT Pesticide Management Education Program, Cornell University, Ithaca, NYGoogle Scholar
  19. Fertilizantes Mexicanos SA (1981) Plan de desarrollo de Fertimex en la produccion, formulacion y comercializacion de insecticidas. Volume II. Gerencia General de Programacion y Desarrollo, Mexico, Distrito FederalGoogle Scholar
  20. Foght J, April T, Briggar K, Aislabie J (2001) Bioremediation of DDT contaminated soils: a review. Bioremediat J 5:225–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gervais JA, Anthony RG (2003) Chronic organochlorine contaminants, environmental variability, and the demographics of a burrowing owl population. Ecol Appl 13:1250–1262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Gill HLK, Cheng KM, Elliott JE (2003) An assessment of DDT and other chlorinated compounds and the reproductive success of American robins (Turdus migratorius) breeding in fruit orchards. Ecotoxicology 12:113–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Goldstein MI, Lacher TE Jr, Woodbridge B, Bechard MJ, Canavelli SB, Zaccagnini ME, Cobb GP, Scollon EJ, Tribolet R, Hooper MJ (1999) Monocrotophos-induced mass mortality of Swainson’s hawks in Argentina, 1995–96. Ecotoxicology 8:201–214CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research (GLIER) (1995) Methods and procedures quality manual, first ed. Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research, Univ Windsor. Windsor, OntarioGoogle Scholar
  25. Gustafson ME, Hildenbrand J, Metras L (1997) The North American bird banding manual (electronic version).Version 1.0, Laurel, MDGoogle Scholar
  26. Harris ML, Wilson LK, Elliott JE, Bishop CA, Tomlin AD, Henning KV (2000) Transfer of DDT and metabolites from fruit orchard soils to American robins (Turdus migratorius) twenty years after agricultural use of DDT in Canada. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 39:205–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Henny CJ (1997) DDE still high in white-faced ibis eggs from Carson Lake, Nevada. Colon Waterbirds 20:478–484CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Henny CJ, Herron GB (1989) DDE, selenium, mercury, and white-faced ibis reproduction at Carson Lake, Nevada. J Wildl Manage 53:1032–1045CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Henny C, Blus LJ, Hulse CS (1985) Trends and effects of organochlorine residues on Oregon and Nevada wading birds, 1979–83. Colon Waterbirds 8:117–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Henny CJ, Anderson TW, Crayon JJ (2008) Organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, metals and trace elements in waterbird eggs, Salton Sea, California, 2004. Hydrobiologia 604:137–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Henny CJ, Yates MA, Seegar WS (2009) Dramatic declines of DDE and other organochlorines in spring migrant peregrine falcons from Padre Island, Texas, 1978–2004. J Raptor Res 43:37–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hitch RK, Day HR (1992) Unusual persistence of DDT in some western USA soils. Environ Contam Toxicol 48:259–264Google Scholar
  33. Houston AI, Stephens PA, Boyd IL, Harding KC, McNamara JM (2007) Capital or income breeding? A theoretical model of female reproductive strategies. Behav Ecol 18:241–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ivey GL, Herziger CP (2005) Intermountain west region waterbird conservation plan. Intermountain West Joint Venture, West Valley City, UTGoogle Scholar
  35. Johnson EV, Mack GL, Thompson DQ (1976) The effects of orchard pesticide applications on breeding robins. Wilson Bul 88:16–35Google Scholar
  36. Kaiser TE, Reichel WL, Locke LN, Cromartie E, Krynitsky AJ, Lamont TG, Mulhern BM, Prouty RM, Stafford CJ, Swineford DM (1980) Organochlorine pesticides, PCB, PBB residues and necropsy data for bald eagles from 29 states–1975–77. Pestic Monit J 13:145–149Google Scholar
  37. Kelchlin EP (1997) Habitat selection and reproductive success of white-faced ibis in the Carson River Basin. Nevada. Final Progress Report. Stillwater Nat Wildl Refuge, FallonGoogle Scholar
  38. King KA, Zaun BJ, Schotborgh HM, Hurt C (2003) DDE-induced eggshell thinning in white-faced ibis: A continuing problem in the western United States. Southwest Nat 48:356–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Martin AC, Zim HS, Nelson AL (1951) American wildlife and plants–A guide to wildlife food habits. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  40. Mora MA (1991) Organochlorines and breeding success in cattle egrets from the Mexicali Valley, Baja California, Mexico. Colon Waterbirds 14:127–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mora MA, Anderson DW, Mount ME (1987) Seasonal variation of body condition and organochlorines in wild ducks from California and Mexico. J Wildl Manage 51:132–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Morrison DE, Robertson BK, Alexander M (2000) Bioavailabilty to earthworms of aged DDT, DDE, DDD, and dieldrin in soil. Environ Sci Technol 34:709–713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nash RG, Woolson EA (1967) Persistence of chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides in soils. Science 157:924–927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ohlendorf HM, Miller MR (1984) Organochlorine contaminants in California waterfowl. J Wildl Manage 48:867–877CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Redig PT (1993) Medical management of birds of prey. The Raptor Center. Univ Minnesota, St. Paul, MNGoogle Scholar
  46. Richards NL, Mineau P, Bird DM (2005) A risk assessment approach to DDE exposure based on the case of the eastern screech-owl (Megascops asio) in apple orchards of southern Quebec, Canada. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 49:403–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Ryder RR, Manry DE (1994) White-faced ibis (Plegadis chihi). In: Poole A, Gill F (eds) The birds of North America. Cornell Lab Ornithology and Acad Nat Sci, Ithaca and PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  48. Schemnitz SD (ed) (1980) Wildlife management techniques manual, 4th edn. Wildl Soc, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  49. Setmire JG, Schroeder RA, Densmore JN, Goodbred SJ, Audet DJ (1993) Detailed study of water quality, bottom sediment, and biota associated with irrigation drainage in the Salton Sea area, California, 1988–1990. U.S. Geol Surv, Water-Resour Invest Rep 93-4014, Sacramento, CAGoogle Scholar
  50. Shuford WD, Hickey CM, Safran RJ, Page GW (1996) A review of the status of the white-faced ibis in winter in California. West Bird 27:169–196Google Scholar
  51. Shuford WD, Warnock N, Molina KC, Sturm KK (2002) The Salton Sea as a critical habitat to migratory and resident waterbirds. Hydrobiologia 473:255–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Snyder NFR, Beissinger SR, Fuller MR (1989) Solar radio-transmitters on snail kites in Florida. J Field Ornithol 60:171–177Google Scholar
  53. Steele BB (1980) Reproductive success of white-faced ibis: The effects of pesticides and colony characteristics. MS Thesis, Utah State University, LoganGoogle Scholar
  54. Stickel LF, Wiemeyer SN, Blus LJ (1973) Pesticide residues in eggs of wild birds: adjustment for loss of moisture and lipid. Bul Environ Contam Toxicol 9:193–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Wheelwright NT (1986) The diet of American robins: an analysis of U.S. biological survey records. Auk 103:710–725Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Yates
    • 1
  • Mark R. Fuller
    • 2
  • Charles J. Henny
    • 3
  • William S. Seegar
    • 4
  • Jaqueline Garcia
    • 5
  1. 1.Raptor Research Center at Boise State UniversityMindenUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Geological Survey, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science CenterBoiseUSA
  3. 3.U.S. Geological Survey, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science CenterCorvallisUSA
  4. 4.Department of ArmyEdgewood Research Development and Engineering CenterAberdeen Proving GroundUSA
  5. 5.Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo A.C.GuaymasMexico

Personalised recommendations