Economic Change and Restructuring

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 139–155 | Cite as

Education and democracy in the Arab world

  • Nouha BougharriouEmail author
  • Walid Benayed
  • Foued Badr Gabsi


This paper analyzes the relationship between education and democracy with a focus on the recent political events of the Arab Spring. In this regard, we examine the effect of five different measures of education on democracy using a dynamic panel regression model for a sample of 15 Arab countries over the period 1990–2013. The obtained results indicate that education fosters the emergence of democracy. Our findings are robust with respect to various determinants of democracy and to the choice of the sample period, suggesting that increasing education expenditure and improving educational access and equality are key policy priorities to promote the onset of democracy.


Democracy Education Dynamic panel Arab world 

JEL Classification

P16 H52 I21 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nouha Bougharriou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Walid Benayed
    • 2
  • Foued Badr Gabsi
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Economics and Management of SfaxUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Higher Institute of Management of GabèsGabèsTunisia

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