Start with Us! Culturally Relevant Pedagogy in the Preschool Classroom
- 1.6k Downloads
Using an ethnographic case study approach, we examined how teachers and parents within an ethnically diverse early childhood program conceptualized and implemented culturally relevant pedagogy and how these primary caregivers were encouraging children’s socio-cultural development and awareness. Data sources included questionnaires, interview transcripts, and observational field notes (classroom and community). Findings suggest there were multiple strategies and resources teachers used to facilitate the socio-cultural growth of young children indicative of culturally relevant practices. However, we discovered there were mediating factors that impacted how and whether teachers were able to implement culturally relevant pedagogy in the early childhood classroom.
KeywordsCulturally relevant pedagogy Teacher development Culturally and linguistically diverse children Early childhood education
- Banks, J. A. (1993a). Multicultural education: Historical development, dimensions, and practice. Review of Research in Education, 19, 3–49.Google Scholar
- Banks, J. A. (1993b). Multicultural education for young children: Racial and ethnic attitudes and their modifications. In B. Spodek (Ed.), Handbook of research on the education of young children (pp. 236–250). New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Carter, D. J. (2008). On spotlighting and ignoring racial group members in the classroom. In M. Pollock (Ed.), Everyday anti-racism: Getting real about race in school (pp. 230–234). New York: New Press.Google Scholar
- Cochran-Smith, M. (2004). Walking the road: Race, diversity, and social justice in teacher education. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Darling-Hammond, L., & Bransford, J. (2005). Preparing teachers for a changing world: What teachers should learn and be able to do. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Derman-Sparks, L., & Edwards, J. O. (2010). Anti-bias education for young children and ourselves. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.Google Scholar
- Edwards, C., Gandini, L., & Forman, G. (Eds.). (2011). The hundred languages of children: The Reggio Emilia experience in transformation (3rd ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger ABC-CLIO.Google Scholar
- Epstein, A. S. (2007). The intentional teacher: Choosing the best strategies for young children’s learning. Washington, DC: National Association for the Education of Young Children.Google Scholar
- Gay, G. (2000). Culturally responsive teaching. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Gonzalez-Mena, J. (2009). Child, family and community: Family centered early care and education (5th ed.). Columbus: Pearson.Google Scholar
- Gunn, A. A., Bennett, S. V., Evans, L. S., Peterson, B. J., & Welsh, J. L. (2013). Autobiographies in preservice teacher education: A snapshot tool for building a culturally responsive pedagogy. International Journal of Multicultural Education, 15(1), 1–20. Retrieved from http://ijme-journal.org/index.php/ijme/article/view/628/pdf.
- Howard, T. (2003). Culturally relevant pedagogy: Ingredients for critical teacher reflection. Theory into Practice, 42(3), 195–202.Google Scholar
- Ladson-Billings, G. (1994). The dreamkeepers. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Ladson-Billings, G. (1999). Preparing teachers for diversity. In L. Darling-Hammond & G. Sykes (Eds.), Teaching as the learning profession (pp. 86–123). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- Ladson-Billings, G. (2014). Culturally relevant pedagogy 2.0: a.k.a. the remix. Harvard Educational Review, 84(1), 74–84.Google Scholar
- Miles, M. B., & Huberman, M. A. (1994). Qualitative data analysis. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- National Center for Educational Statistics. (2013). The condition of education. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2013/2013037.pdf.
- Odom, S., Bryant, D., & Maxwell, K. (2012). Strengthening the early childhood care and education workforce would benefit young children. Social Policy Report Brief, 26(1). http://www.srcd.org/sites/default/files/documents/2012_1_sprbrief_rhodes.pdf.
- Sleeter, C. (2008). Preparing White teachers for diverse students. In M. C. Smith, F. Nemieser, J. D. McIntyre, & K. E. Demers (Eds.), Handbook of research on teacher education: Enduring questions in changing context (3rd ed., pp. 559–582). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Souto-Manning, M. (2013). Multicultural teaching in the early childhood classroom: Approaches, strategies and tools for preschool-2nd grade. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Wink, J., & Putney, L. (2002). A vision of Vygotsky. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar