Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

A multi-methods approach supports the effective management and conservation of coastal marine recreational flats fisheries

  • Published:
Environmental Biology of Fishes Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The recreational, catch and release fishery for fishes that inhabit shallow-water, coastal marine habitats in tropical and sub-tropical regions (called the flats fishery) is economically valuable and increasingly perceived as a sustainable ecotourism pursuit. However, knowledge of many aspects of target species (such as bonefish, tarpon and permit) ecology is incomplete, and fishery- and non-fishery-related threats to the fish and habitats are numerous and often poorly understood. The International Bonefish and Tarpon Symposium is convened every three years to share new knowledge and to chart directions for future research, with a focus on research that informs conservation and management. Most of the articles in this Special Issue focus on the flats fishery in the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and western North Atlantic ocean, but the findings presented here provide guidance for similar work in other regions. Conservation and management of flats fisheries present a challenge because the fisheries are typically data poor; they occur in locations that lack resources and there are scant data on the target species and their habitats. Since earlier symposia, much has been accomplished to fill knowledge gaps and contribute actionable knowledge to conservation. Studies are being replicated across a wider geographic range, and connectivity is being studied at local and regional scales. Citizen science and local ecological knowledge have contributed to a better understanding of historical trends and ongoing processes. In some instances, data have been applied to proactive habitat protections, as in the Bahamas, and to habitat restoration, as in Florida. In other instances, though much data have been gathered, additional information is needed before a comprehensive conservation strategy is possible, as in the Florida Keys. As the articles contained in this Special Issue demonstrate, a mixed-methods approach that uses complementary sources of information to construct a broad understanding of the flats fishery is necessary to guide research and inform conservation and management.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Adams AJ (2017) Guidelines for evaluating the suitability of catch and release fisheries: lessons learned from Caribbean flats fisheries. Fish Res 186:672–680

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Adams AJ, Cooke SJ (2015) Advancing the science and management of flats fisheries for bonefish, tarpon, and permit. Environ Biol Fish 98:2123–2131

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Adams AJ, Murchie KJ (2015) Recreational fisheries as conservation tools for mangrove habitats. In: K.J. Murchie and P.P. Daneshgar, editors, Mangroves as fish habitat. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 83. Bethesda, Pages 43–56

  • Adams AJ, Wolfe RK, Kellison GT, Victor BC (2006) Patterns of juvenile habitat use and seasonality of settlement by permit, Trachinotus falcatus. Environ Biol Fish 75:209–217

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Adams AJ, Wolfe RK, Tringali MD, Wallace E, Kellison GT (2008) Rethinking the status of Albula spp. biology in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic. In: Ault JS (ed) Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries. CRC Press, Boca Raton

    Google Scholar 

  • Adams AJ, Horodysky AZ, McBride RS, MacDonald TC, Shenker J, Guindon K, Harwell HD, Ward R, Carpenter K (2013) Global conservation status and research needs for tarpons (Megalopidae), ladyfishes (Elopidae), and bonefishes (Albulidae). Fish Fish 15(2):280–311

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Adams AJ, Shenker JM, Jud ZR, Lewis JP, Carey E, Danylchuk AJ (2019) Identifying pre-spawning aggregation sites for bonefish (Albula vulpes) in the Bahamas to inform habitat protection and species conservation. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0802-7

  • Arlinghaus R (2006) On the apparently striking disconnect between motivation and satisfaction in recre- ational fishing: the case of catch orientation of German anglers. N Am J Fish Manag 26:592–605

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Arlinghaus R, Mehner T (2005) Determinants of management preferences of recreational anglers in Germany: habitat management versus fish stocking. Limnologica 35:2–17

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Atwood TB, Connolly RM, Almahasheer H, Carnell PE, Duarte CM, Lewis CJE, Irigoien X, Kelleway JJ, Lavery PS, Macreadie PI, Serrano O, Sanders CJ, Santos I, Steven ADL, Lovelock CE (2017) Global patterns in mangrove soil carbon stocks and losses. Nat Clim Chang 7(7):523

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ault JS, Humston R, Larkin MF, Perusquia E, Farmer NA, Luo J, Zurcher N, Smith SG, Barbieri LR, Posada JM (2008) Population dynamics and resource ecology of Atlantic tarpon and bonefish. In: Ault JS (ed) Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 216–258

    Google Scholar 

  • Black BD, Adams AJ, Bergh C (2015) Mapping of stakeholder activities and habitats to inform conservation planning for a national marine sanctuary. Environ Biol Fish 98:2213–2221

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blood MR (2006) Only you can create actionable knowledge. Acad Manag Learn Educ 5:209–212

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Boucek RE, Lewis JP, Stewart BD, Jud ZR, Carey E, Adams AJ (2019) Measuring site fidelity and homesite-to-pre-spawning site connectivity of bonefish (Albula vulpes): using mark-recapture to inform habitat conservation. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0827-y

  • Bowen BW, Karl SA, Pfeiler E (2008) Resolving evolutionary lineages and taxonomy of bonefishes (Albula spp.). In: Ault JS (ed) Biology and Management of the World Tarpon and Bonefish Fisheries. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp 147–155

    Google Scholar 

  • Brownscombe JW, Cooke SJ, Danylchuk AJ (2017) Spatiotemporal drivers of energy expenditure in a coastal marine fish. Oecologia 183:689. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-016-3800-5

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Brownscombe JW, Danylchuk AJ, Adams AJ, Black B, Boucek R, Power M, Rehage JS, Santos RO, Fisher RW, Horn B, Haak CR, Morton S, Hunt J, Ahrens R, Allen MS, Shenker J, Cooke SJ (2019) Bonefish in South Florida: status, threats and research needs. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0820-5

  • Bryan DR, Luo J, Ault JS, McCellan DB, Smith SG, Snodgrass D, Larkin MF (2015) Transport and connectivity modeling of larval permit from an observed spawning aggregation in the Dry Tortugas, Florida. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-015-0445-x

  • Cianciotto AC, Shenker JM, Adams AJ, Rennert JJ, Heuberger D (2019) Modifying mosquito impoundment management to enhance nursery habitat value for juvenile common Snook (Centropomus undecimalis) and Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus). Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0838-8

  • Cissel JR, Steinberg MK (2019) Mapping forty years of mangrove cover trends and their implications for flats fisheries in Ciénaga de Zapata, Cuba. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0809-0

  • Coggins LG Jr, Catalano MJ, Allen MS, Pine WE III, Walters CJ (2007) Effects of cryptic mortality and the hidden costs of using length limits in fishery management. Fish Fish 8(3):196–210

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Colborn J, Crabtree RE, Shaklee JB, Pfeiler E, Bowen BW (2001) The evolutionary enigma of bonefishes (Albula spp.): cryptic species and ancient separations in a globally distributed shorefish. Evolution 55:807–820

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Colton DE, Alevizon WS (1983) Feeding ecology of bonefish in Bahamian waters. Trans Am Fish Soc 112:178–184

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cooke SJ, Philipp DP (2004) Behavior and mortality of caught-and-released bonefish (Albula spp.) in Bahamian waters with implications for a sustainable recreational fishery. Biol Conserv 118:599–607

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cooke SJ, Schramm HL (2007) Catch-and-release science and its application to conservation and management of recreational fisheries. Fish Manag Ecol 14(2):73–79

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cooke SJ, Suski CD, Arlinghaus R, Danylchuk AJ (2013) Voluntary institutions and behaviours as alternatives to formal regulations in recreational fisheries management. Fish Fish 14:439–457

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Coverdale TC, Herrmann NC, Altieri AH, Bertness MD (2013) Latent impacts: the role of historical human activity in coastal habitat loss. Front Ecol Environ 11(2):69–74

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Crabtree RE, Hood PB, Snodgrass D (2002) Age, growth and reproduction of permit (Trachinotus falcatus) in Florida waters. Fish Bull 100:26–34

  • Crabtree RE, Cyr EC, Bishop RE, Falkenstein LM, Dean JM (1992) Age and growth of tarpon, Megalops atlanticus, larvae in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, with notes on relative abundance and probable spawning areas. Environ Biol Fish 35:361–370

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Crabtree RE, Cyr EC, Dean JM (1995) Age and growth of tarpon, Megalops atlanticus, from South Florida waters. Fish Bull 93:619–628

    Google Scholar 

  • Crabtree RE, Harnden CW, Snodgrass D, Stevens C (1996) Age, growth, and mortality of bonefish, Albula vulpes, from the waters of the Florida keys. Fish Bull 94:442–451

    Google Scholar 

  • Crabtree RE, Snodgrass D, Harnden CW (1997a) Maturation and reproduction seasonality in bonefish, Alubla vulpes, from the waters of the Florida keys. Fish Bull 95:456–465

    Google Scholar 

  • Crabtree RE, Cyr ECChaverri DC, McLarney WO, Dean JM (1997b) Reproduction of tarpon, Megalops atlanticus, from Florida and Costa Rican waters and notes on their age and growth. Bull Mar Sci 61(2):271–285

    Google Scholar 

  • Crabtree RE, Stevens C, Snodgrass D, Stengard FJ (1998) Feeding habits of bonefish, Albula vulpes, from the waters of the Florida keys. Fish Bull 96:754–766

    Google Scholar 

  • Dahl G (1965) La metamorfosis desde leptocephalus hasta estado postlarval en el sabalo Tarpon atlanticus (Cuv. et Val.). Autonoma Reginal de los Valles del Magdalena y Sinú. 1–20

  • Danylchuk AJ, Danylchuk SE, Cooke SJ, Goldberg TL, Koppelman JB, Philipp DP (2007a) Post-release mortality of bonefish (Albula vulpes) exposed to different handling practices during catch-and release angling in South Eleuthera, Bahamas. Fish Manag Ecol 14:149–154

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Danylchuk SE, Danylchuk AJ, Cooke SJ, Goldberg TL, Koppelman J, Philipp DP (2007b) Effects of recreational angling on the post-release behavior and predation of bonefish (Albula vulpes): the role of equilibrium status at the time of release. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 346:127–133

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Danylchuk AJ, Cooke SJ, Goldberg TL, Suski CD, Murchie KJ, Danylchuk SE, Shultz AD, Haak CR, Brooks EJ, Oronti A, Koppelman JB, Philipp DP (2011) Aggregations and offshore movements as indicators of spawning activity of bonefish (Albula vulpes) in the Bahamas. Mar Biol 158:1981–1999

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Danylchuk AJ, Lewis J, Jud Z, Shenker J, Adams A (2019) Behavioral observations of bonefish (Albula vulpes) during prespawning aggregations in the Bahamas: clues to identifying spawning sites that can drive broader conservation efforts. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0830-3

  • Fedler A (2010) The economic impact of flats fishing in the Bahamas. Report to the Everglades Foundation. 16p. https://www.bonefishtarpontrust.org/downloads/research-reports/stories/bahamas-flats-economic-impact-report.pdf. Accessed 17 July 2018

  • Fedler A (2013) Economic impact of the Florida keys flats fishery. Report to Bonefish & Tarpon Trust, FL 30p. https://www.bonefishtarpontrust.org/downloads/research-reports/stories/BTT%20-%20Keys%20Economic%20Report.pdf. Accessed 17 July 2018

  • Fedler A (2014) 2013 Economic impct of flats fishing in Belize. 19p. https://www.bonefishtarpontrust.org/downloads/research-reports/stories/2013-belize-economic-study.pdf. Accessed 17 July 2018

  • Geiger SP, Torres JJ, Crabtree RE (2000) Air-breathing and gill ventilation frequencies in juvenile tarpon, Megalops atlanticus: responses to changes in dissolved oxygen, temperature, hydrogen sulfide, and pH. Environ Biol Fish 59:181–190

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Graham RT, Castellanos DW (2005) Courtship and spawning behaviors of carangid species in Belize. Fish Bull 103:426–432

    Google Scholar 

  • Griffin LP, Brownscombe JP, Adams AJ, Boucek RE, Finne JT, Heithouse MR, Rehage JS, Cooke SJ, Danylchuk AJ (2018) Keeping up with the silver king: using cooperative acoustic telemetry networks to quantify the movements of Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) in the coastal waters of the southeastern United States. Fish Res 205:65–76

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Griffin LP, Haak CR, Brownscombe JW, Griffin CR, Danylchuk AJ (2019) A comparison of juvenile bonefish diets in Eleuthera, The Bahamas, and Florida, U.S. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0822-3

  • Guindon KG (2011) Evaluating lethal and sub-lethal effects of catch-and-release angling in Florida’s central gulf coast recreational Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) fishery. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: 163 pages

  • Haak CR, Power M, Cowles GW, Danylchuk AJ (2019) Hydrodynamic and isotopic niche differentiation between juveniles of two sympatric cryptic bonefishes, Albula vulpes and Albula goreensis. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0810-7

  • Hind EJ (2015) A review of the past, the present, and the future of fishers' knowledge research: a challenge to established fisheries science. ICES J Mar Sci 72:341–358

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Humston R, Ault JS, Larkon MF, Luo J (2005) Movements and site fidelity of the bonefish Albula vulpes in the northern Florida keys determined by acoustic telemetry. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 291:237–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jackson JB, Kirby MX, Berger WH, Bjorndal KA, Botsford LW, Bourque BJ, Bradbury RH, Cooke R, Erlandson J, Estes J, Hughes TP, Kidwell S, Lange CB, Lenihan HS, Pandolfi JM, Peterson CH, Steneck RS, Tegner MA, Warner RR (2001) Historical overfishing and the recent collapse of coastal ecosystems. Science 293(5530):629–637

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Johannes RE (1998) The case for data-less marine resource management: examples from tropical nearshore finfisheries. TREE 13:243–246

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Jud ZR, Layman CA, Shenker JM (2011) Diet of age-0 tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) in anthropogenically-modified and natural nursery habitats along the Indian River lagoon, Florida. Environ Biol Fish 90:223–233

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Klarenberg G, Ahrens R, Shaw S, Allen M (2019) Use of a dynamic population model to estimate mortality and recruitment trends for Bonefish in Florida bay. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0805-4

  • Kroloff EKN, Heinen JT, Braddock KN, Rehage JS, Santos RO (2019) Understanding the decline of catch-and-release fishery with angler knowledge: a key informant approach applied to South Florida bonefish. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0812-5

  • Larkin MF (2011) Assessment of South Florida’s bonefish stock. Doctoral dissertation, University of Miami. 194 pages

  • Luck C, Mejri S, Lewis J, Wills PS, Riche M, Shenker J, Adams A, Ajemian MJ (2019) Seasonal and spatial changes in sex hormone levels and oocyte development of bonefish (Albula vulpes). Environ Biol Fishes. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0829-9

  • Ma KY, van Herwerden L, Newman SJ, Berumen ML, Choat JH, Chu KH, Sadovy de Mitcheson Y (2018) Contrasting population genetic structure in three aggregating groupers (Percoidei: Epinephelidae) in the indo-West Pacific: the importance of reproductive mode. BMC Evol Biol 18(180). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1284-0

  • Mejri S, Luck C, Tremblay R, Riche M, Adams A, Ajemian MJ, Shenker J, Wills PS (2019) Bonefish (Albula vulpes) oocyte lipid class and fatty acid composition related to their development. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0825-0

  • Mojica R Jr, Shenker JM, Harnden CW, Wagner DE (1995) Recruitment of bonefish, Albula vulpes, around lee Stocking Island, Bahamas. Fish Bull 93:666–674

    Google Scholar 

  • Murchie KJ, Cooke SJ, Danylchuk AJ, Danylchuk SE, Goldberg TL, Suski CD, Philipp DP (2013) Movement patterns of bonefish (Albula vulpes) in tidal creeks and coastal waters of Eleuthera, the Bahamas. Fish Res 147:404–412

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Murchie KJ, Haaak CR, Power M, Shipley ON, Danylchuk AJ, Cooke SJ (2019) Ontogenetic patterns in resource use dynamics of bonefish (Albula vulpes) in the Bahamas. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0789-0

  • Perez AU, Schmitter-Soto JJ, Adams AJ, Heyman WD (2019) Connectivity mediated by seasonal bonefish (Albula vulpes) migration between the Caribbean Sea and a tropical estuary of Belize and Mexico. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0834-z

  • Pilling GM, Apostolaki P, Failler P, Floros C, Large PA, Morales-Nin B, Reglero P, Stergiou KI, Tsikliras C (2008) Assessment and management of data-poor fisheries. In: Payne A, Cotter J, Potter T, editors. Advances in fisheries science: 50 years on from Beverton and Holt. Blackwell Publishing, 2008. pp. 280–305

  • Post JR, Sullivan M, Cox S, Lester N, Walters CJ, Parkinson EA, Paul AJ, Jackson L, Shuter BJ (2002) Canada’s recreational fisheries: the invisible collapse? Fisheries 27(1):6–17

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rehage JS, Santos RO, Kroloff EKN, Heinen JT, Lai Q, Black BD, Boucek RE, Adams AJ (2019) How has the quality of bonefishing changed over the past 40 years? Using local ecological knowledge to quantitatively inform population declines in the South Florida flats fishery. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0831-2

  • Rennert JJ, Shenker JM, Angulo-Valdés JA, Adams AJ (2019) Age, growth, and age at maturity of bonefish (Albula species) among Cuban habitats. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0836-x

  • Sadovy Y, Domeier ML (2005) Are aggregation-fisheries sustainable? Reef fish fisheries as a case study. Coral Reefs 24:254–262

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sadovy de Mitcheson Y (2013) Endangered and unlucky: region-wide action needed for recovery of the Nassau grouper, Epinephelus striatus. Proc Gulf Caribb Fish Inst 65:295–300

  • Santos R, Rehage JS, Adams AJ, Black BD, Osborne J, Kroloff EKN (2017) Quantitative assessment of a data-limited recreational bonefish fishery using a timeseries of fishing guides reports. PLoS One 12(9):e0184776. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0184776

    Article  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • Santos RO, Rehage JS, Kroloff EKN, Heinen JE, Adams AJ (2019a) Combining data sources to elucidate spatial patterns in recreational catch and effort: fisheries-dependent data and local ecological knowledge applied to the South Florida bonefish fishery. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0828-x

  • Santos RO, Schinbeckler R, Viadero N, Larkin MF, Rennert JJ, Shenker JM, Rehage JS (2019b) Linking bonefish (Albula vulpes) populations to nearshore estuarine habitats using an otolith microchemistry approach. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0839-7

  • Schlaifer A, Breder CM (1940) Social and respiratory behavior of small tarpon. Zoology 25:493–512

    Google Scholar 

  • Shenker JM, Cowie-Mojica E, Crabtree RE, Patterson HM, Stevens C, Yakubik K (2002) Recruitment of tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) leptocephali into the Indian River Lagoon, Florida. Contrib Mar Sci 35:55–69

    Google Scholar 

  • Shultz AD, Zuckerman ZC, Suski CD (2016) Thermal tolerance of nearshore fishes across seasons: implications for coastal fish communities in a changing climate. Mar Biol 163:82–91

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Steinberg M (2015) A Nationwide assessment of threats to bonefish, tarpon, and permit stocks in Belize. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-015-0429-x

  • Sweetman BM, Foley JR, Steinberg MK (2019) A baseline analysis of coastal water quality of the port Honduras marine reserve, Belize: a critical habitat for sport fisheries. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0811-6

  • Szekeres P, Brownscombe JW, Cull F, Danylchuk AJ, Shultz AD, Suski CD, Murchie KJ, Cooke SJ (2014) Physiological and behavioural consequences of cold shock on bonefish (Albula vulpes) in the Bahamas. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 459:1–7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Twomey E, Byrne P (1985) A new record for the tarpon, Megalops atlanticus Valenciennes (Osteichthyes-Elopiformes-Elopidae), in the eastern North Atlantic. J Fish Biol 26:359–362

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wade RA (1962) The biology of the tarpon, Megalops atlanticus, and the ox-eye, Megalops cyprinoides, with emphasis on larval development. Bull Mar Sci 12:545–599

    Google Scholar 

  • Wallace EM (2014) Assessing biodiversity, evolution and biogeography in bonefishes (Albuliformes): resolving relationships and aiding management. Dissertation. University of Minnesota. 114p

  • Wallace EM, Tringali MD (2010) Identification of a novel member in the family Albulidae (bonefishes). J Fish Biol 76:1972–1983

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Wallace EM, Tringali MD (2016) Fishery composition and evidence of population structure and hybridization in the Atlantic bonefish species complex (Albula spp.). Mar Biol 163:141–155

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Warmke GL, Erdman DS (1963) Records of marine mollusks eaten by bonefish in Puerto Rican waters. Nautilus 76:115–121

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson JK, Adams AJ, Ahrens RNM (2019) Atlantic tarpon (Megalops atlanticus) nursery habitats: evaluation of habitat quality and broad-scale habitat identification. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0835-y

  • Zale AV, Merrifield SG (1989) Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates (South Florida) -- Ladyfish and Tarpon. US Fish Wildl Serv Biol Rep 82(11.104). 17pp

  • Zeng X, Adams A, Roffer M, He R (2019) Potential connectivity among spatially distinct management zones for bonefish (Albula vulpes) via larval dispersal. Environ Biol Fish. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0826-z

  • Zerbi A, Aliaume C, Joyeux JC (2001) Growth of juvenile tarpon in Puerto Rican estuaries. ICES J Mar Sci 58:87–95

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zwirn M, Pinsky M, Rahr G (2005) Angling ecotourism: issues, guidelines and experience from Kamchatka. J Ecotourism 4:16–31

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This manuscript summarizes the theme of the 5th International Bonefish & Tarpon Symposium, held in Weston, Florida (USA), November 2017, the focal conference for the Special Issue: Fishes of the Flats. Adams was supported by Bonefish & Tarpon Trust (BTT). Rehage was supported by BTT and Florida International University. Cooke was supported by BTT as a Fellow as well as by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canada Research Chairs Program.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Aaron J. Adams.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Adams, A.J., Rehage, J.S. & Cooke, S.J. A multi-methods approach supports the effective management and conservation of coastal marine recreational flats fisheries. Environ Biol Fish 102, 105–115 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0840-1

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-018-0840-1

Keywords

Navigation