Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 98, Issue 7, pp 1767–1776 | Cite as

Evidence from data storage tags for the presence of lunar and semi-lunar behavioral cycles in spawning Atlantic cod

  • Timothy B. Grabowski
  • Bruce J. McAdam
  • Vilhjálmur Thorsteinsson
  • Gudrún Marteinsdóttir
Article

Abstract

Understanding the environmental processes determining the timing and success of reproduction is of critical importance to developing effective management strategies of marine fishes. Unfortunately it has proven difficult to comprehensively study the reproductive behavior of broadcast-spawning fishes. The use of electronic data storage tags (DSTs) has the potential to provide insights into the behavior of fishes. These tags allow for data collection over relatively large spatial and temporal scales that can be correlated to predicted environmental conditions and ultimately be used to refine predictions of year class strength. In this paper we present data retrieved from DSTs demonstrating that events putatively identified as Atlantic cod spawning behavior is tied to a lunar cycle with a pronounced semi-lunar cycle within it. Peak activity occurs around the full and new moon with no evidence of relationship with day/night cycles.

Keywords

Lunar cycle Data storage tags Reproductive ecology Diurnal solar cycle Gadus morhu 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht (outside the USA) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Timothy B. Grabowski
    • 1
  • Bruce J. McAdam
    • 2
  • Vilhjálmur Thorsteinsson
    • 3
  • Gudrún Marteinsdóttir
    • 4
  1. 1.U.S. Geological Survey, Texas Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research UnitTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  2. 2.Institute of AquacultureUniversity of StirlingStirlingUK
  3. 3.Marine Research InstituteReykjavikIceland
  4. 4.Institute of BiologyUniversity of IcelandReykjavikIceland

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