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Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 425–435 | Cite as

Robert M. McDowall—taxonomist and biogeographer

  • Don J. Jellyman
Article
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Robert (Bob) McDowall died in Christchurch, New Zealand on 20 February 2011 after a short illness. Bob was a widely published author and an acknowledged world authority on the taxonomy and biogeography of freshwater fishes. In a preface to Bob’s recent magnum opus on the osteology of the galaxiids and allied genera (McDowall and Burridge 2011), the series editor, Peter Bartsch called him “a complete zoologist” and listed his knowledge and experience ranged from “taxonomy, biogeography and systematics to reproductive biology, behaviour, ecology, evolution, fisheries and conservation biology”. So, how did this talented and productive fisheries scientist come to acquire a profound knowledge of not only the freshwater fish fauna of New Zealand but of the southern hemisphere?

Bob was born on 15 September 1939 in Palmerston North in 1939, the second youngest in a family of five. Bob attended Victoria University of Wellington (1958–62), completing an M. Sc. in zoology. As a young scientist,...

Keywords

Biogeography Taxonomy Systematics New Zealand Galxaias Native fish Introduced fish 

References

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  8. McDowall RM (1978b) Generalized tracks and dispersal in biogeography. Syst Zool 27:88–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. McDowall RM (1988a) Diadromy in fishes. Migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croon Helm, London, 308 ppGoogle Scholar
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The papers and books of Bob McDowall

  1. Allibone RM, Crowl TA, Holmes JM, King TM, McDowall RM, Townsend CR, Wallis GP (1996) Isozyme analysis of Galaxias species (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from the Taieri River, South Island, New Zealand: a species complex revealed. Biol J Linn Soc 57:107–127Google Scholar
  2. Crow SK, McDowall RM (in press) Ontogenetic changes in morphology of flathead galaxiid fishes (Osmeriformes: Galaxiidae) in South Island, New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 45Google Scholar
  3. Gross MR, Coleman RM, McDowall RM (1988) Aquatic productivity and the evolution of diadromous fish migration. Sci 239:1291–1293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jowett IG, Richardson J, McDowall RM (1996) Relative effects of in-stream habitat and land use on fish distribution and abundance in tributaries of the Grey River, New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 30:463–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kelly DJ, McDowall RM (2004) Littoral invertebrate and fish communities. pp. 25.1–25.14. In: Harding JS, Mosley MP, Pearson CP, Sorrell BK (eds) Freshwaters of New Zealand New Zealand Hydrological Society: New Zealand Limnological Society. Christchurch, N.ZGoogle Scholar
  6. King CM, Roberts CD, Bell BD, Fordyce RE, Nicoll RS, Worthy TH, Paulin CD, Hitchmough RA, Keyes IW, Baker AN, Stewart AL, Hiller N, McDowall RM, Holdaway RN, McPhee RP, Schwarzhans W, Tennyson AJD, Rust S, McAdie I (2009) Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. In: Gordon DP (ed) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, pp 432–551Google Scholar
  7. Koehn JD, McDowall RM (2004) Invasive species: fish and fisheries: workshop overview, then and now. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 38:383–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lee DE, McDowall RM, Lindqvist JK (2007) Galaxias fossils from Miocene lake deposits, Otago, New Zealand: the earliest records of the Southern Hemisphere family Galaxiidae (Teleostei). J Roy Soc NZ 37:109–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Li J, McDowall RM (2010) Phylogenetic position of the enigmatic Lepidogalaxias salamandroides with comment on the orders of lower euteleostean fishes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 57:932–936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McDowall RM (1962) A redescription of the fresh-water red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 3:3–15Google Scholar
  11. McDowall RM (1964b) Affinities and derivation of the New Zealand freshwater fish fauna. Tuatara 12:59–67Google Scholar
  12. McDowall RM (1964c) A bibliography of the indigenous freshwater fishes of New Zealand. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5:175–182Google Scholar
  13. McDowall RM (1964d) A consideration of the question “What are whitebait?”. Tuatara 12:134–146Google Scholar
  14. McDowall RM (1964e) Studies on the biology of the red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). I—Habitat and species interrelationships. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 4:175–182Google Scholar
  15. McDowall RM (1965a) The composition of the New Zealand whitebait catch, 1964. New Zeal J Sci 8:285–300Google Scholar
  16. McDowall RM (1965b) Descriptive and taxonomic notes on Grahamichthys radiatus (Valenciennes), Eleotridae. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 7:51–56Google Scholar
  17. McDowall RM (1965c) A new species of Retropinna from Lake Omapere, North Auckland. Rec Dominion Mus 5:89–91Google Scholar
  18. McDowall RM (1965d) Studies on the biology of the red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). II—Breeding and life history. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5:177–196Google Scholar
  19. McDowall RM (1965e) Studies on the biology of the red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). III—Food studies. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5:233–254Google Scholar
  20. McDowall RM (1966a) Further observations on Galaxias whitebait and their relation to the distribution of the Galaxiidae. Tuatara 14:12–18Google Scholar
  21. McDowall RM (1966b) A guide to the identification of New Zealand freshwater fishes. Tuatara 14:89–104Google Scholar
  22. McDowall RM (1967a) New land-locked fish species of the genus Galaxias from North Auckland, New Zealand. Breviora 265:1–11Google Scholar
  23. McDowall RM (1967b) Some points of confusion in galaxiid nomenclature. Copeia 1967:841–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McDowall RM (1968b) The application of the terms anadromous and catadromous to the southern hemisphere salmonid fishes. Copeia 1968:176–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  28. McDowall RM (1968f) The status of Nesogalaxias neocaledonicus (Weber and de Beaufort) (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Breviora 286:1–8Google Scholar
  29. McDowall RM (1968g) Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns), the New Zealand whitebait. NZ Fish Res Bull 2, 84 ppGoogle Scholar
  30. McDowall RM (1969a) Extinction and endemism in New Zealand land birds. Tuatara 17:1–12Google Scholar
  31. McDowall RM (1969b) A juvenile of Aplochiton Jenyns. Copeia 1969:631–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  35. McDowall RM (1970c) A second species of Galaxias common to Tasmania and New Zealand (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Rec Dominion Mus 7:13–19Google Scholar
  36. McDowall RM (1971a) Fishes of the family Aplochitonidae. J Roy Soc NZ 1:31–52Google Scholar
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  40. McDowall RM (1972b) The species problem in freshwater fishes, and the taxonomy of diadromous and lacustrine populations of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns). J Roy Soc NZ 2:325–367Google Scholar
  41. McDowall RM (1972c) The taxonomy of estuarine and brackish-lake Retropinna from New Zealand (Galaxioidei: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 2:501–531Google Scholar
  42. McDowall RM (1973a) Designation of a lectotype for Eleotris gobioides Valenciennes (Pisces, Eleotridae). Copeia 1973:169–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McDowall RM (1973b) Galaxias indicus Day, 1888—a nomen dubium. J Roy Soc NZ 3:191–192Google Scholar
  44. McDowall RM (1973c) Limitation of the genus Brachygalaxias Eigenmann, 1928 (Pisces: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 3:193–197Google Scholar
  45. McDowall RM (1973d) Proposed suppression of the name Galaxias delfini Philippi 1895 (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Z.N.(S.) 1877. Bull Zool Nom 30:88–89Google Scholar
  46. McDowall RM (1973e) Relationships and taxonomy of the New Zealand torrentfish, Cheimarrichthys fosteri Haast (Pisces: Mugiloididae). J Roy Soc NZ 3:199–217Google Scholar
  47. McDowall RM (1973f) The status of the South African galaxiid (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Ann Cape Province Mus 9:91–101Google Scholar
  48. McDowall RM (1973g) Zoogeography and taxonomy. Tuatara 20:88–96Google Scholar
  49. McDowall RM (1974) Specialization in the dentition of the Southern graylings-genus Prototroctes (Galaxioidei: Prototroctidae). J Fish Biol 6:209–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. McDowall RM (1975a) Gerald Stokell’s Freshwater and diadromous fishes of New Zealand in the context of his other published works, with a bibliography of his publications. J Roy Soc NZ 5:219–223Google Scholar
  51. McDowall RM (1975b) A revision of the New Zealand species of Gobiomorphus (Pisces: Eleotridae). Rec Nat Mus NZ 1:1–32Google Scholar
  52. McDowall RM (1976a) Fishes of the family Prototroctidae (Salmoniformes). Aust J Mar Freshw Res 27:641–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. McDowall RM (1976b) Notes on some Galaxias fossils from the Pliocene of New Zealand. J Roy Soc N Z 6:17–22Google Scholar
  54. McDowall RM (1976c) The role of estuaries in the life cycles of fishes in New Zealand. Proc NZ Ecol Soc 23:27–32Google Scholar
  55. McDowall RM (1976d) The status of Stromateus maculatus Forster—a fish from New South Wales. J Roy Soc NZ 6:489–491Google Scholar
  56. McDowall RM (1976e) The taxonomic status of the Galaxias populations in the Rio Calle Calle, Chile (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Stud Neotr Fauna 11:173–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. McDowall RM (1977) The possible effects on fishes and eucalypt enrichment of New Zealand beech forests. NZ J Forest 22:45–52Google Scholar
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  59. McDowall RM (1978d) Generalised tracks and dispersal in biogeography. Sys Zool 27:88–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. McDowall RM (1978e) A new genus and species of galaxiid fish from Australia (Salmoniformes: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 8:115–124Google Scholar
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  62. McDowall RM (1978g) Sexual dimorphism in an Australian galaxiid. Aust Zool 19:308–314Google Scholar
  63. McDowall RM (1979a) The centrolophid genus Tubbia (Pisces: Stromateoidei). Copeia 1979:733–738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. McDowall RM (1979b) Fishes of the family Retropinnidae (Pisces: Salmoniformes)—a taxonomic revision and synopsis. J Roy Soc NZ 9:85–121Google Scholar
  65. McDowall RM (ed) (1980a) Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia (New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania). Reed, Sydney, 208 ppGoogle Scholar
  66. McDowall RM (1980b) Mobil New Zealand nature series—freshwater fish. Reed, Wellington, 80 ppGoogle Scholar
  67. McDowall RM (1980c) Charles Douglas, explorer: his notes on freshwater fishes. J Roy Soc NZ 19:311–324Google Scholar
  68. McDowall RM (1980d) First adults of Schedophilus maculatus Guenther, 1860 (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae). J Roy Soc NZ 10:141–151Google Scholar
  69. McDowall RM (1980e) Freshwater fishes and plate tectonics in the south western Pacific. Palaeog Palaeoc Palaeoe 31:337–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. McDowall RM (1980f) Seriolella caerulea Guichenot, 1848 in New Zealand waters (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae). J Roy Soc NZ 10:65–74Google Scholar
  71. McDowall RM (1981a) Foreword. pp. 197. In: Berra TM (ed) An atlas of distribution of the freshwater fish families of the world. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NebraskaGoogle Scholar
  72. McDowall RM (1981b) Nomina nuda and the availability of lizard names; Comment. NZ J Zool 8:127–128Google Scholar
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  76. McDowall RM (1983) La faune exotique des poissons d’eau douce de Nouvelle Zelande son histoire et son impact. Comp Rend Soc Biogeo 59:223–230Google Scholar
  77. McDowall RM (1984a) Trout in New Zealand waters: the biology and management of trout in New Zealand’s lakes and rivers. Wetland, Wellington, 120 ppGoogle Scholar
  78. McDowall RM (1984b) The New Zealand whitebait book. Reed, Wellington, 210 ppGoogle Scholar
  79. McDowall RM (1984c) Designing reserves for freshwater fish in New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 14:17–27Google Scholar
  80. McDowall RM (1984d) Exotic fishes: the New Zealand experience. In: Courtenay WR, Stauffer JR (eds) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA, pp 200–214Google Scholar
  81. McDowall RM (1984e) Galaxiidae. pp. 126–127. In: Daget J, Gosse JP, Thys van den Audenaerde DFE (eds) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of Africa. Orstom, ParisGoogle Scholar
  82. McDowall RM (1984) Southern hemisphere freshwater salmoniforms: development and relationships. pp. 150–153. In: Moser GH (ed) Ontogeny and systematics of fishes, American Society of Ichthyologists and HerpetologistsGoogle Scholar
  83. McDowall RM (1985) River estuaries in the life cycles of New Zealand fish species. pp. 557–570. In: Yanez-Arancibia A (ed) Fish community ecology in estuaries and coastal lagoons. Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico, UNAM Press MexicoGoogle Scholar
  84. McDowall RM (1987a) Book review: The biology of perch and related fish. By J.F. Craig, 1987. 333 pp. Croom Helm Ltd. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 21:647–8Google Scholar
  85. McDowall RM (1987b) Impacts of exotic fishes on the native fauna. In: Viner AB (ed) Inland Waters of New Zealand. DSIR, Wellington, N.Z, pp 333–347Google Scholar
  86. McDowall RM (1987c) The occurrence and distribution of diadromy in fishes. Am Fish Soc Symp 1:1–13Google Scholar
  87. McDowall RM (1987d) Zoogeography—the native fishes. In: Viner AB (ed) Inland Waters of New Zealand. DSIR, Wellington, N.Z, pp 291–306Google Scholar
  88. McDowall RM (1988b) Diadromy in fishes: migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croom Helm, London, 308 ppGoogle Scholar
  89. McDowall RM (1990b) New Zealand freshwater fishes: a natural history and guide. Heinemann Reed, Auckland, 553 ppGoogle Scholar
  90. McDowall RM (1990c) Filling in the gaps—the introduction of exotic fishes into New Zealand. In: Pollard DA (ed) Introduced and translocated fishes and their ecological effects. Australian Society for Fish Biology, Magnetic Island, Townsville, Queensland, pp 69–82Google Scholar
  91. McDowall RM (1990d) Freshwater fishes and fisheries of New Zealand: the angler’s Eldorado. Rev Aquatic Sci 2:281–341Google Scholar
  92. McDowall RM (1990e) When galaxiid and salmonid fishes meet- a family reunion in New Zealand. J Fish Biol 37:35–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. McDowall RM (1991a) Freshwater fisheries research in New Zealand: processes, projects, and people. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 25:393–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  95. McDowall RM (1992a) Diadromy: Origins and definitions of terminology. Copeia 1992:248–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. McDowall RM (1992b) Global climate change and fish and fisheries: what might happen in a temperate oceanic archipelago like New Zealand. Geo-J 28:29–37Google Scholar
  97. McDowall RM (1992c) Particular problems for the conservation of diadromous fish: viewpoint. Aquat Cons 2:351–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  103. McDowall RM (1994b) Correction of the type locality of Stokell’s smelt, Stokellia anisodon (Stokell) 1941 (Pisces: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 24:261–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  106. McDowall RM (1994) Family Galaxiidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 234–238Google Scholar
  107. McDowall RM (1994) Family Nomeidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 838–843Google Scholar
  108. McDowall RM (1994) Family Prototroctidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 233Google Scholar
  109. McDowall RM (1994) Family Retropinnidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 232–233Google Scholar
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  114. McDowall RM (1994m) The Tarndale Bully, Gobiomorphus alpinus Stokell (Pisces, Eleotridae) revisited and redescribed. J Roy Soc NZ 24:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  125. McDowall RM (1997d) Indigenous vegetation type and the distribution of shortjawed kokopu, Galaxias postvectis (Teleostei: Galaxiidae), in New Zealand. NZ J Zool 24:243–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Water and AtmosphereChristchurchNew Zealand

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