Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 89, Issue 3–4, pp 221–238 | Cite as

Otolith microstructure reveals ecological and oceanographic processes important to ecosystem-based management

  • Su Sponaugle


Information obtained from fish otoliths has been a critical component of fisheries management for decades. The nature of this information has changed over time as management goals and approaches have shifted. The earliest and still most pervasively used data are those of annual age and growth used to calculate the demographic rates of populations in single-species management strategies. Over time, the absence of simple stock-recruitment relationships has focused attention on the youngest stages, where otolith microstructure resolved on a daily basis has become a valuable tool. As management has transitioned to more ecosystem-based approaches, the need to understand ecological and oceanographic processes has been advanced through the analysis of daily otolith microstructure. Recent field examples illustrate how otolith microstructure data have been used to reveal environmental influences on larval growth, traits that lead to higher survivorship, mechanisms of larval transport, dynamics of dispersal and population connectivity, determinants of recruitment magnitude, carry-over processes between life stages, habitat-specific juvenile survival, and identification of natal sources. Daily otolith-derived data collected at an individual level are increasingly combined with data from other disciplines and incorporated into individual-based models, which in turn can form the building blocks of complex models of ecosystem dynamics. A mechanistic understanding of the ecology of young stages is particularly necessary in light of a rapidly changing ocean environment, as we need to be able to predict individual and population responses to perturbations. Otolith microstructure analysis is an important tool in our management arsenal, contributing to a broader understanding of the oceanographic and ecological processes underlying ecosystem dynamics.


Fisheries oceanography Population connectivity Early life history Larval and juvenile fish Otolith increments Larval age and growth Larval transport 



I thank the conference organizers, particularly Churchill Grimes, Susan Sogard, Brian Wells, and Gregor Cailliet, for their invitation and support of my attendance and presentation of the keynote address on which this paper was based. I also thank the many laboratory members and colleagues who participated in some of the studies cited here. Rafael Araújo lent advice on aspects of manuscript and figure format and Fredi Arthur assisted with references. Robert Cowen, Joel Llopiz, Dave Secor, and an anonymous reviewer provided insightful comments that greatly improved the manuscript. Finally, I was supported by National Science Foundation OCE-0550732 during the preparation of this presentation and paper.


  1. Allain G, Petitgas P, Grellier P, Lazure P (2003) The selection process from larval to juvenile stages of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Bay of Biscayne investigated by Lagrangian simulations and comparative otolith growth. Fish Oceanogr 12:407–418Google Scholar
  2. Anderson JT (1988) A review of size dependent survival during pre-recruitment stages of fishes in relation to recruitment. J Northwest Atl Fish Sci 8:55–66Google Scholar
  3. Arai T, Otake T, Tsukamoto K (2000) Timing of metamorphosis and larval segregation of the Atlantic eels Anguilla rostrata and A. anguilla, as revealed by otolith microstructure and microchemistry. Mar Biol 137:39–45Google Scholar
  4. Barnett-Johnson R, Grimes CB, Royer CF, Donohoe CJ (2007) Identifying the contribution of wild and hatchery Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) to the ocean fishery using otolith microstructure as natural tags. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 64:1683–1692Google Scholar
  5. Baumann H, Hinrichsen H-H, Voss R, Stepputtis D, Grygiel W, Clausen LW, Temming A (2006) Linking growth to environmental histories in central Baltic young-of-the-year sprat, Sprattus sprattus: an approach based on otolith microstructure analysis and hydrodynamic modeling. Fish Oceanogr 15:465–476Google Scholar
  6. Baumann H, Peck MA, Götze H-E, Temming A (2007) Starving early juvenile sprat Sprattus sprattus (L.) in western Baltic coastal waters: evidence from combined field and laboratory observations in August and September 2003. J Fish Biol 70:853–866Google Scholar
  7. Benoît HP, Pepin P, Brown JA (2000) Patterns of metamorphic age and length in marine fishes, from individuals to taxa. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 57:856–869Google Scholar
  8. Ben-Tzvi O, Kiflawi M, Gildor H, Abelson A (2007) Possible effects of downwelling on the recruitment of coral reef fishes to the Eilat (Red Sea) coral reefs. Limnol Oceanogr 52:2618–2628Google Scholar
  9. Ben-Tzvi O, Kiflawi M, Gaines SD, Al-Zibdah M, Sheehy MS, Paradis GL, Abelson A (2008) Tracking recruitment pathways of Chromis viridis in the Gulf of Aqaba using otolith chemistry. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 359:229–238Google Scholar
  10. Bergenius MAJ, Meekan MG, Robertson DR, McCormick MI (2002) Larval growth predicts the recruitment success of a coral reef fish. Oecologia 131:521–525Google Scholar
  11. Botsford LW, Brumbaugh DR, Grimes C, Kellner JB, Largier J, OFarrell MR, Ralston S, Soulanille E, Wespestad V (2009) Connectivity, sustainability, and yield: bridging the gap between conventional fisheries management and marine protected areas. Rev Fish Biol Fish 19:69–95Google Scholar
  12. Bradbury IR, Laurel B, Snelgrove PVR, Bentzen P, Campana SE (2008) Global patterns in marine dispersal estimates: the influence of geography, taxonomic category and life history. Proc R Soc B 275:1803–1809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Brophy D, Danilowicz BS (2002) Tracing populations of Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus L.) in the Irish and Celtic Seas using otolith microstructure. ICES J Mar Sci 59:1305–1313Google Scholar
  14. Brophy D, King PA (2007) Larval otolith growth histories show evidence of stock structure in Northeast Atlantic blue whiting (Micromesistius poutassou). ICES J Mar Sci 64:1136–1144Google Scholar
  15. Browman HI, Stergiou KI (eds) (2004) Perspectives on ecosystem-based approaches to the management of marine resources. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 274:269–303Google Scholar
  16. Brunton BJ, Booth DJ (2003) Density- and size-dependent mortality of a settling coral-reef damselfish (Pomacentrus moluccensis Bleeker). Oecologia 137:377–384PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Callihan JL, Takata LY, Woodland RJ, Secor DH (2008) Cohort spitting in bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, in the US mid-Atlantic Bight. Fish Oceangr 17:191–205Google Scholar
  18. Campana SE, Thorrold SR (2001) Otoliths, increments and elements: key to a comprehensive understanding of fish populations? Can J Fish Aquat Sci 58:30–38Google Scholar
  19. Castello L, Castello JP (2003) Anchovy stocks (Engraulis anchita) and larval growth in the SW Atlantic. Fish Res 59:409–421Google Scholar
  20. Castro LR, Hernandez EH (2000) Early life survival of the Anchoveta Engraulis ringens off central Chile during the 1995 and 1996 winter spawning seasons. Trans Am Fish Soc 129:1107–1117Google Scholar
  21. Chambers RC, Trippel EA (1997) Early life history and recruitment in fish populations. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Chen CS, Chiu TS (2003) Early life history traits of Japanese anchovy in the northeastern waters of Taiwan, with reference to larval transport. Zool Stud 42:248–257Google Scholar
  23. Clausen LAW, Bekkevold D, Hatfield EMC, Mosegaard H (2007) Application and validation of otolith microstructure as a stock identification method in mixed Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) stocks in the North Sea and western Baltic. ICES J Mar Sci 64:377–385Google Scholar
  24. Correia AT, Isidro EJ, Antunes C, Coimbra J (2002) Age, growth, distribution and ecological aspects of Conger conger leptocephali collected in the Azores, based on otolith analysis of premetamorphic specimens. Mar Biol 141:1141–1151Google Scholar
  25. Courtney DL, Mortensen DG, Orsi JA, Munk KM (2000) Origin of juvenile Pacific salmon recovered from coastal southeastern Alaska identified by otolith thermal marks and coded wire tags. Fish Res 46:267–278Google Scholar
  26. Cowan JH, Shaw RF (2002) Recruitment. In: Fuiman LA, Werner RG (eds) Fishery Science: the unique contributions of early life stages. Blackwell, Oxford, pp 88–111Google Scholar
  27. Cowen RK (2002) Larval dispersal and retention and consequences for population connectivity. In: Sale PF (ed) Coral reef fishes: dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 149–170Google Scholar
  28. Cowen RK, Sponaugle S (2009) Larval dispersal and marine population connectivity. Ann Rev Mar Sci 1:443–466Google Scholar
  29. Cowen RK, Paris CB, Srinivasan A (2006) Scaling of connectivity in marine populations. Science 311:522–527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Cury PM, Shin Y-J, Planque B, Durant JM, Fromentin J-M, Kramer-Schadt S, Stenseth NC, Travers M, Grimm V (2008) Ecosystem oceanography for global change fisheries. Trends Ecol Evol 23:338–346PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Cushing DH (1975) Marine ecology and fisheries. Cambridge University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  32. Daewel U, Peck MA, Kuhn W, St. John MA, Alekseeva I, Schrum C (2008) Coupling ecosystem and individual-based models to simulate the influence of environmental variability on potential growth and survival of larval sprat (Sprattus sprattus L.) in the North Sea. Fish Oceangr 17:333–351Google Scholar
  33. Diouf K, Guilhaumon F, Aliaume C, Ndiaye P, Do Chi T, Panfili J (2009) Effects of the environment on fish juvenile growth in West African stressful estuaries. Est Coast Shelf Sci 83:115–125Google Scholar
  34. Dower JF, Pepin P, Legggett WC (2002) Using patch studies to link mesoscale patterns of feeding and growth in larval fish to environmental variability. Fish Oceanogr 11:219–232Google Scholar
  35. Edwards KP, Jare JA, Werner FE, Seim H (2007) Using 2-dimensional dispersal kernels to identify the dominant influences on larval dispersal on continental shelves. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 352:77–87Google Scholar
  36. Elsdon TS, Wells BK, Campana SE, Gillanders BM, Jones CM, Limberg KE, Secor DH, Thorrold SR, Walther BD (2008) Otolith chemistry to describe movements and life-history parameters of fishes: hypotheses, assumptions, limitations and inferences. Oceangr Mar Biol Ann Rev 46:297–330Google Scholar
  37. Fiksen Ø, Jørgensen C, Kristiansen VF, Huse G (2007) Linking behavioural ecology and oceanography: larval behavior determines growth, mortality and dispersal. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 347:195–205Google Scholar
  38. Folkvord A (2005) Comparison of size-at-age of larval Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) from different populations based on size- and temperature-dependent growth models. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 62:1037–1052Google Scholar
  39. Fortier L, Sirois P, Michaud J, Barber D (2006) Survival of Arctic cod larvae (Boreogadus saida) in relation to sea ice and temperature in the Northeast Water Polynya (Greenland Sea). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 63:1608–1616Google Scholar
  40. Fowler AJ, Black KP, Jenkins GP (2000) Determination of spawning areas and larval advection pathways for King George whiting in southeastern Australia using otolith microstructure and hydrodynamic modeling. II. South Australia. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 199:243–254Google Scholar
  41. Fox CJ, Geffen AJ, Taylor N, Davison RH, Nash RDM (2007) Birth-date selection in early life stages of plaice Pleuronectes platessa in the eastern Irish Sea (British Isles). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 345:255–269Google Scholar
  42. Francis RC, Hixon MA, Clarke ME, Murawski SA, Ralston S (2007) Ten commandments for ecosystem-based fisheries scientists. Fisheries 32:217–233Google Scholar
  43. Gagliano M, McCormick MI (2004) Feeding history influences otolith shape in tropical fish. Mar Ecol Progr Ser 278:291–296Google Scholar
  44. Gagliano M, McCormick MI, Meekan MG (2007) Survival against the odds: ontogenetic changes in selective pressure mediate growth-mortality trade-offs in a marine fish. Proc R Soc B 274:1575–1582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Gagliano M, Depczynski M, Simpson SD, Moore JAY (2008) Dispersal without errors: symmetrical ears tune into the right frequency for survival. Proc R Soc B 275:527–534PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Gerber LR, Botsford LW, Hastings A, Possingham HP, Gaines SD, Palumbi SR, Andelman S (2003) Population models for marine reserve design: a retrospective and prospective synthesis. Ecol Appl 13:S47–S64Google Scholar
  47. Govoni JJ (2005) Fisheries oceanography and the ecology of early life histories of fishes: a perspective over fifty years. Sci Mar 69(S):125–137Google Scholar
  48. Green J, Jones R, Brownell S (2004) Age and growth of larval cod and haddock on Georges Bank during 1995 and 1996. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 283:255–268Google Scholar
  49. Grorud-Colvert K, Sponaugle S (2006) Influence of condition on behavior and survival potential of a newly settled coral reef fish. Mar Ecol Progr Ser 327:279–288Google Scholar
  50. Hamilton SL, Regetz J, Warner RR (2008) Postsettlement survival linked to larval life in a marine fish. P Natl Acad Sci USA 105:1561–1566Google Scholar
  51. Hare JA, Churchill JH, Cowen RK, Berger TJ, Cornillon PC, Dragos P, Glenn SM, Govoni JJ, Lee TN (2002) Routes and rates of larval fish transport from the southeast to the northeast United States continental shelf. Limnol Oceanogr 47:1774–1789Google Scholar
  52. Hjort J (1914) Fluctuations in the great fisheries of northern Europe viewed in the light of biological research. Rapp Proc Reun Con Inter l’Expl Mer 20:1–228Google Scholar
  53. Hoey AS, McCormick MI (2004) Selective predation for low body condition at the larval-juvenile transition of a coral reef fish. Oecologia 139:23–29PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Houde ED (1987) Fish early life dynamics and recruitment variability. Am Fish Soc Symp 2:17–29Google Scholar
  55. Jenkins GP, King D (2006) Variation in larval growth can predict the recruitment of a temperate, seagrass-associated fish. Oecologia 147:641–649PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Jenkins GP, Black KP, Hamer PA (2000) Determination of spawning areas and larval advection pathways for King George whiting in southeastern Australia using otolith microstructure and hydrodynamic modeling. I Victoria Mar Ecol Prog Ser 199:231–242Google Scholar
  57. Kerr LA, Secor DH (2009) Bioenergetic trajectories underlying partial migration in Patuxent River (Chesapeake Bay) white perch (Morone americana). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 66:602–612Google Scholar
  58. Kraus RT, Secor DH (2004) Dynamics of white perch Morone americana population contingents in the Patuxent River estuary, Maryland, USA. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 279:247–259Google Scholar
  59. Kühn W, Peck MA, Hinrichsen H-H, Daewel U, Moll A, Pohlmann T, Stegert C, Tamm S (2008) Defining habitats suitable for larval fish in the German Bight (southern North Sea): An IMB approach using spatially- and temporally-resolved, size-structured prey fields. J Mar Syst 74:329–342Google Scholar
  60. Kuroki M, Aoyama J, Miller MJ, Wouthuyzen S, Arai T, Tsukamoto K (2006) Contrasting patterns of growth and migration of tropical anguillid leptocephali in the western Pacific and Indonesian Seas. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 309:233–246Google Scholar
  61. Landaeta MF, Castro LR (2006) Larval distribution and growth of the rockfish, Sebastes capensis (Sebastidae, Pisces), in the fjords of southern Chile. ICES J Mar Sci 63:714–724Google Scholar
  62. Lapolla A, Buckley LJ (2005) Hatch date distributions of young of the year haddock Melanogrammus aeglefinus in the Gulf of Maine/Georges Bank region: implications for recruitment. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 290:239–249Google Scholar
  63. Lasker R (1981) Marine fish larvae: morphology, ecology, and relation to fisheries. University of Washington Press, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  64. Laurel BJ, Bradbury IR (2006) “Big” concerns with high latitude marine protected areas (MPAs): trends in connectivity and MPA size. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 63:2603–2607Google Scholar
  65. Lee O, Danilowicz BS, Dickey-Collas M (2006) Temporal and spatial variability in growth and condition of dab (Limanda limanda) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus) larvae in the Irish Sea. Fish Oceanogr 15:490–507Google Scholar
  66. Leggett WC, Frank KT (2008) Paradigms in fisheries oceanography. Oceanogr Mar Biol Annu Rev 46:331–363Google Scholar
  67. Lemberget T, McCormick MI (2009) Replenishment success linked to fluctuating asymmetry in larval fish. Oecologia 159:83–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Lester SE, Ruttenberg BI (2005) The relationship between pelagic larval duration and range size in tropical reef fishes: a synthetic analysis. Proc R Soc B 272:585–591PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Light PR, Able KW (2003) Juvenile Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) in Delaware Bay, USA are the result of local and long-distance recruitment. Est Coast Shelf Sci 57:1007–1014Google Scholar
  70. Macpherson E, Raventos N (2005) Settlement patterns and post-settlement survival in two Mediterranean littoral fishes: influences of early-life traits and environmental variables. Mar Biol 148:167–177Google Scholar
  71. Marteinsdottir G, Gunnarsson B, Suthers IM (2000) Spatial variation in hatch date distributions and origin of pelagic juvenile cod in Icelandic waters. ICES J Mar Sci 57:1182–1195Google Scholar
  72. McCormick MI, Hoey AS (2004) Larval growth history determines juvenile growth and survival in a tropical marine fish. Oikos 106:225–242Google Scholar
  73. McLeod K, Leslie H (2009) Ecosystem-based management for the oceans. Island Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  74. Meekan MG, Carleton JH, McKinnon AD, Flynn K, Furnas M (2003) What determines the growth of tropical reef fish larvae in the plankton: food or temperature? Mar Ecol Prog Ser 256:193–204Google Scholar
  75. Megrey BA, Rose KA, Ito S-I, Hay DE, Werner FE, Yamanaka Y, Aita MN (2007) North Pacific basin-scale differences in lower and higher trophic level marine ecosystem responses to climate impacts using a nutrient-phytoplankton–zooplankton model coupled to a fish bioenergetics model. Ecol Model 202:197–210Google Scholar
  76. Miller BS, Kendall AW (2009) Early life history of marine fishes. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  77. Miller JA, Shanks AL (2004) Evidence for limited larval dispersal in black rockfish (Sebastes melanops): implications for population structure and marine-reserve design. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 61:1723–1735Google Scholar
  78. Miller TJ, Crowder LB, Rice JA, Marschall EA (1988) Larval size and recruitment mechanisms in fishes: towards a conceptual framework. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 45:1657–1670Google Scholar
  79. Muhling BA, Beckley LE, Gaughan DJ, Jones CM, Miskiewicz AG, Hesp SA (2008) Spawning, larval abundance and growth rate of Sardinops sagax off southwestern Australia: influence of an anomalous eastern boundary current. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 364:157–167Google Scholar
  80. Munk P (2007) Cross-frontal variation in growth rate and prey availability of larval North Sea cod Gadus morhua. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 334:225–235Google Scholar
  81. Nielsen R, Munk P (2004) Growth pattern and growth dependent mortality of larval and pelagic juvenile North Sea cod Gadus morhua. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 278:261–270Google Scholar
  82. Ottersen G, Loeng H (2000) Covariability in early growth and year-class strength of Barents Sea cod, haddock, and herring: the environmental link. ICES J Mar Sci 57:339–348Google Scholar
  83. Panfili J, de Pontual H, Troadec H, Wright PJ (eds) (2002) Manual of fish sclerochronology. Brest, FranceGoogle Scholar
  84. Panfili J, Durand JD, Diop K, Gourene B, Simier M (2005) Fluctuating asymmetry in fish otoliths and heterozygosity in stressful estuarine environments (West Africa). Mar Freshw Res 56:505–516Google Scholar
  85. Panfili J, Tomás J, Morales-Nin B (2009) Otolith microstructure in tropical fish. In: Green BS, Mapstone BD, Carlos G, Begg GA (eds) Tropical fish otoliths: information for assessment, management and ecology. Reviews: methods and technologies in fish biology and fisheries Vol 11. Springer, New York, pp 212–248Google Scholar
  86. Pannella G (1971) Fish otoliths: daily growth layers and periodical patterns. Science 173:1124–1127Google Scholar
  87. Pineda J, Hare JA, Sponaugle S (2007) Larval dispersal and transport in the coastal ocean and consequences for population connectivity. Oceanography 20:22–39Google Scholar
  88. Rice JC (2005) Implementation of the ecosystem approach to fisheries management—asynchronous co-evolution at the interface between science and policy. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 275:265–270Google Scholar
  89. Robert D, Castonguay M, Fortier L (2007) Early growth and recruitment in Atlantic mackerel Scomber scombrus: discriminating the effects of fast growth and selection for fast growth. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 337:209–219Google Scholar
  90. Robinet T, Réveillac E, Kuroki M, Aoyama T, Rabenevanana MW, Valade P, Gagnaire P-A, Berrebi P, Feunteun E (2008) New clues for freshwater eels (Anguilla spp.) migration routes to eastern Madagascar and surrounding islands. Mar Biol 154:453–463Google Scholar
  91. Satoh K, Tanaka Y, Iwahashi M (2008) Variations in the instantaneous mortality rate between larval patches of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Fish Res 89:248–156Google Scholar
  92. Searcy S, Sponaugle S (2001) Selective mortality during the larval-juvenile transition in two coral reef fishes. Ecology 82:2452–2470Google Scholar
  93. Searcy SP, Eggleston DB, Hare JA (2007) Is growth a reliable indicator of habitat quality and essential fish habitat for a juvenile estuarine fish? Can J Fish Aquat Sci 64:681–691Google Scholar
  94. Shima JS, Findlay A (2002) Pelagic larval growth rate impacts benthic settlement and survival of a temperate reef fish. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 235:303–309Google Scholar
  95. Shima JS, Swearer SE (2009) Larval quality is shaped by matrix effects: implications for connectivity in a marine metapopulation. Ecology 90:1255–1267PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Shoji J, Tanaka M (2005) Distribution, feeding condition, and growth of Japanese Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius) larvae in the Seto Inland Sea. Fish Bull 103:371–379Google Scholar
  97. Shoji J, Tanaka M (2006) Growth-selective survival in piscivorous larvae of Japanese Spanish mackerel Scomberomorus niponius: early selection and significance of ichthyoplankton prey abundance. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 321:245–254Google Scholar
  98. Sinclair M (1988) Marine populations: an essay on population regulation and speciation. University of Washington Press, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  99. Sogard SM, Able KW, Hagan SM (2001) Long-term assessment of settlement and growth of juvenile winter founder (Pseudopleuronectes americanus). J Sea Res 45:189–204Google Scholar
  100. Sponaugle S (2009) Daily otolith increments in the early stages of tropical fish. In: Green BS, Mapstone BD, Carlos G, Begg GA (eds) Tropical fish otoliths: information for assessment, management and ecology. Reviews: methods and technologies in fish biology and fisheries vol 11. Springer, New York, pp 93–132Google Scholar
  101. Sponaugle S, Grorud-Colvert K (2006) Environmental variability, early life history traits, and survival of new recruits of a coral reef fish. Integr Comp Biol 46:623–633Google Scholar
  102. Sponaugle S, Pinkard D (2004) Impact of variable pelagic environments on natural larval growth and recruitment of the reef fish Thalassoma bifasciatum. J Fish Biol 64:34–54Google Scholar
  103. Sponaugle S, Cowen RK, Shanks A, Morgan SG, Leis JM, Pineda J, Boehlert GW, Kingsford MJ, Lindeman K, Grimes C, Munro JL (2002) Predicting self-recruitment in marine populations: biophysical correlates and mechanisms. Bull Mar Sci 70(S):341–375Google Scholar
  104. Sponaugle S, Denit KL, Luthy SA, Serafy JE, Cowen RK (2005a) Growth variation in larval Makaira nigricans. J Fish Biol 66:822–835Google Scholar
  105. Sponaugle S, Lee T, Kourafalou V, Pinkard D (2005b) Florida Current frontal eddies and the settlement of coral reef fishes. Limnol Oceanogr 50:1033–1048Google Scholar
  106. Sponaugle S, Grorud-Colvert K, Pinkard D (2006) Temperature-mediated variation in early life history traits and recruitment success of the coral reef fish Thalassoma bifasciatum in the Florida Keys. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 308:1–15Google Scholar
  107. Sponaugle S, Llopiz J, Havel L, Rankin T (2009) Spatial variation in larval growth and gut fullness in a coral reef fish. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 383:239–249Google Scholar
  108. Sponaugle S, Walter KD, Denit KL, Llopiz JK, Cowen RK (2010) Variation in pelagic larval growth of Atlantic billfishes: the role of prey composition and selective mortality. Mar Biol 157:839–849Google Scholar
  109. Strelcheck AJ, Fitzhugh GR, Coleman FC, Koenig CC (2003) Otolith-fish size relationship in juvenile gag (Mycteroperca microlepis) of the eastern Gulf of Mexico: a comparison of growth rates between laboratory and field populations. Fish Res 60:255–265Google Scholar
  110. Stunz GW, Minello TJ, Levin PS (2002) Growth of newly settled red drum Sciaenops ocellatus in different estuarine habitat types. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 238:227–236Google Scholar
  111. Takahashi M, Watanabe Y (2005) Effects of temperature and food availability on growth during late larval stage of Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) in the Kuroshio-Oyashio transition region. Fish Oceanogr 14:223–235Google Scholar
  112. Takahashi M, Watanabe Y, Kinoshita T, Watanabe C (2001) Growth of larval and early juvenile Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus, in the Kuroshio-Oyashio transition region. Fish Oceanogr 10:235–247Google Scholar
  113. Takasuka A, Oozeki Y, Kimura R, Kubota H, Aoki I (2004) Growth-selective predation hypothesis revisited for larval anchovy in offshore waters: cannibalism by juveniles versus predation by skipjack tunas. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 278:297–302Google Scholar
  114. Takasuka A, Oozeki Y, Aoki I (2007) Optimal growth temperature hypothesis: why do anchovy flourish and sardine collapse or vice versa under the same ocean regime? Can J Fish Aquat Sci 64:768–776Google Scholar
  115. Tanaka Y, Satoh K, Iwahashi M, Yamada H (2006) Growth-dependent recruitment of Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 319:225–235Google Scholar
  116. Taylor DL, Nichols RS, Able KW (2007) Habitat selection and quality for multiple cohorts of young-of-the-year bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix): comparisons between estuarine and ocean beaches in southern New Jersey. Est Coast Shelf Sci 73:667–679Google Scholar
  117. Tsukamoto K, Aoyama J, Miller MJ (2002) Migration, speciation, and the evolution of diadromy in anguilid eels. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 59:1989–1998Google Scholar
  118. Vigliola L, Meekan MG (2009) The back-calculation of fish growth from otoliths. In: Green BS, Mapstone BD, Carlos G, Begg GA (eds) Tropical fish otoliths: information for assessment, management and ecology. Reviews: methods and technologies in fish biology and fisheries Vol 11. Springer, New York, pp 174–211Google Scholar
  119. Vigliola L, Doherty PJ, Meekan MG, Drown DM, Jones ME, Barber PH (2007) Genetic identity determines risk of post-settlement mortality of a marine fish. Ecology 88:1263–1277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Vinagre C, Ferreira T, Matos L, Costa MJ, Cabral HN (2009) Latitudinal gradients in growth and spawning of sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and their relationship with temperature and photoperiod. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 81:375–380Google Scholar
  121. Warlen SM, Able KW, Laban EH (2002) Recruitment of larval Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) to North Carolina and New Jersey estuaries: evidence for larval transport northward along the east coast of the United States. Fish Bull 100:609–623Google Scholar
  122. Werner FE, Cowen RK, Paris CB (2007) Coupled biological and physical models. Oceanography 20:54–69Google Scholar
  123. Wilson DT, Meekan MG (2002) Growth related advantages for survival to the point of replenishment in the coral reef fish Stegastes partitus (Pomacentridae). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 231:247–260Google Scholar
  124. Wright PJ, Gibb FM (2005) Selection for birth date in North Sea haddock and its relation to maternal age. J Anim Ecol 74:303–312Google Scholar
  125. Wright PJ, Trippel EA (2009) Fishery-induced demographic changes in the timing of spawning: consequences for reproductive success. Fish Fish 10:283–304Google Scholar
  126. Xie SG, Watanabe Y (2007) Transport-determined early growth and development of jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus juveniles immigrating into Sagami Bay, Japan. Mar Freshw Res 58:1048–1055Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marine Biology and FisheriesRosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric ScienceMiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations