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Faunal structure of Japanese freshwater fishes and its artificial disturbance

Abstract

The hierarchical structure of areas of endemicity of freshwater fishes in the Japanese Archipelago was analyzed using parsimony analysis of endemicity (PAE) and its modification. Supporting the results of previous studies, the present analysis, which includes species, subspecies, intraspecific monophyletic lineages, and/or hypothetical ancestors, revealed the uniqueness of the local ichthyofauna in northeastern Hokkaido, large changes in ichthyofauna across the Fossa Magna region, central Honshu, and some additional new patterns. A split network analysis was used to represent the complex relationships among local faunas in the archipelago and also in East Asian regions. Artificially disturbed fish faunas have recently lost part of their original endemic areas, producing a remarkable “homogenization” among local faunas (+9.0% in Jaccard’s similarity coefficient). The majority of this homogenization can be explained by introduction of domestic species (+8.6%), especially from Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan.

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  1. http://gedimap.zool.kyoto-u.ac.jp/, Accessed: 1 April 2009

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Acknowledgments

I thank Koji Maekawa and Mutsumi Nishida for providing the opportunity to write this paper, Hiroshi Senou, Taiga Yodo, and Koji Tominaga for providing information on fish distribution, and Hikaru Nakagawa for his help in the statistical analysis. This study was partially supported by Grants-in-Aid from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan (nos. 18570086, 19405011, and the Global Center of Excellence Program “Formation of a Strategic Base for Biodiversity and Evolutionary Research: from Genome to Ecosystem” of Kyoto University).

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Correspondence to Katsutoshi Watanabe.

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Watanabe, K. Faunal structure of Japanese freshwater fishes and its artificial disturbance. Environ Biol Fish 94, 533–547 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-010-9601-5

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Keywords

  • Distribution
  • Historical biogeography
  • Parsimony analysis of endemicity
  • Homogenization
  • Introduced species