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Table 4 Gridded Emissions Estimates when estimating model (1) using spatially-gridded aggregate emissions (left) and transportation emissions (right)

From: Does a Carbon Tax Reduce CO2 Emissions? Evidence from British Columbia

  Aggregate CO2 Emissions Transportation CO2 Emissions
  log(Emiss)i,t Δlog(Emiss)i,t log(Emiss)i,t Δlog(Emiss)i,t
Carbon Taxi,t 0.016 0.005 0.009 0.008 0.008 0.040 − 0.008 − 0.013*** − 0.007*** − 0.013***
  (0.039) (0.005) (0.011) (0.009) (0.011) (0.026) (0.005) (0.002) (0.001) (0.002)
log(Emiss)i,t-1   0.935*** 0.919***     1.022*** 0.994***   
   (0.011) (0.021)     (0.003) (0.0004)   
Lighti,t    0.00001      0.00003***   
    (0.00002)      (0.00001)   
ΔLighti,t      − 0.007*      − 0.002
      (0.003)      (0.001)
Observations 72,505 34,230 31,728 70,810 30,200 23,865 20,160 11,655 23,310 11,100
R2 (within) 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.224 0.166 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.57 0.32
F Statistic
(df = 1–4;
554–1511)
0.177  > 200***  > 500*** 0.697 3.57 2.483  > 200***  > 200*** 46.56*** 17.32***
  1. Robust standard errors shown in parentheses
  2. Models estimated in levels and first differences (denoted by Δ)
  3. **p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001