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Table 1 Province-level summary statistics for taxed region (BC) and control provinces 1990–2016

From: Does a Carbon Tax Reduce CO2 Emissions? Evidence from British Columbia

  CO2 emissions Controls
Total Stat. energy Transp. Fugit Indust Agric Waste Pop GDP
BC (taxed)          
Mean 47.17 19.95 22.27 2.42 2.44 0.02 67.26 4.12 173.28
SD 3.78 1.53 2 0.5 0.37 0.01 10.04 0.41 37.39
Max 52.22 23.83 24.76 3.07 3.3 0.04 78.27 4.76 243.29
Min 38.29 16.23 17.9 1.26 1.89 0.01 46.76 3.29 120.28
Control prov          
Mean 54.72 32.47 16.61 1.33 4.06 0.19 47.65 3.06 133.85
SD 62.85 40.98 17.64 2.78 6.28 0.2 78.27 3.91 171.74
Max 211.66 154.05 61.41 10.99 21.73 0.95 268.25 13.98 678.03
Min 1.18 0.33 0.65 0 0 0 0.01 0.13 2.98
  1. Emissions measured in Mt CO2; population in millions; GDP, billions in constant 2007 dollars. Control provinces here include: Alberta (ab), Ontaria (on), Newfoundland and Labrador (nl), Nova Scotia (ns), New Brunswick (nb), Saskatchewan (sk), Quebec (qc), Prince Edward Island (pe), Manitoba (mb). Estimation results with different controls (omitting those that have carbon pricing or trading schemes are reported in Supplementary Material