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When are Forest Visits Valued the Most? An Analysis of the Seasonal Demand for Forest Recreation in Poland


While the demand for forest recreation has been a topic covered in many studies, little attention has been paid so far to seasonal demand. In a forest context, the seasonal analysis is particularly interesting because of inter-temporal change in forest attributes throughout the year which can influence trip-taking behavior. In this paper, the model of seasonal forest visitation is developed to provide a richer understanding of the role played by seasonal fluctuation on a distribution of forest social benefits. The analysis is based on an on-site survey conducted in four forests in Poland. Results show that the most valuable forest trips are those taken in fall and that seasonal trips are separable.

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Consumer surplus


Contingent valuation


Ordinary least squares


Travel cost


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Correspondence to Anna Bartczak.

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Bartczak, A., Englin, J. & Pang, A. When are Forest Visits Valued the Most? An Analysis of the Seasonal Demand for Forest Recreation in Poland. Environ Resource Econ 52, 249–264 (2012).

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  • Exponential distribution
  • Forest visitation
  • Poisson distribution
  • Seasonal demand
  • Travel cost method