Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 249–264 | Cite as

When are Forest Visits Valued the Most? An Analysis of the Seasonal Demand for Forest Recreation in Poland

  • Anna Bartczak
  • Jeffrey Englin
  • Arwin Pang


While the demand for forest recreation has been a topic covered in many studies, little attention has been paid so far to seasonal demand. In a forest context, the seasonal analysis is particularly interesting because of inter-temporal change in forest attributes throughout the year which can influence trip-taking behavior. In this paper, the model of seasonal forest visitation is developed to provide a richer understanding of the role played by seasonal fluctuation on a distribution of forest social benefits. The analysis is based on an on-site survey conducted in four forests in Poland. Results show that the most valuable forest trips are those taken in fall and that seasonal trips are separable.


Exponential distribution Forest visitation Poisson distribution Seasonal demand Travel cost method 



Consumer surplus


Contingent valuation


Ordinary least squares


Travel cost


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warsaw Ecological Economics Center, Faculty of Economic SciencesUniversity of WarsawWarszawaPoland
  2. 2.Morrison School of Agribusiness and Resource ManagementArizona State UniversityMesaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Public FinanceFeng Chia UniversitySeatwen, TaichungTaiwan

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