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Digital revolution and its impact on education systems in developing countries


Across the world the digital era has proven to transform most education processes and systems. Yet along with this new development a challenge has been how most developing countries including Tanzania can benefit from the digital era while avoiding its downsides in education systems. Through the integrative literature review, the article draws on the recent increasing use of digital technologies among education systems in developing countries. While understanding the infrastructural and resource challenges in the region, the paper seeks to address the knowledge gap related to the digital technology in education by pointing out both the problematic areas and the promising approaches to be adapted in the efforts to harness advantages of digital technology in education processes. It is recommended in this paper that the decision to either use a particular strategy in addressing the technology gap or not, needs to be done carefully so that a particular technology for use is not blindly adopted, rather guided by research evidence that demonstrates productive and counter-productive approaches to technology in use.

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Correspondence to John Fungulupembe Kalolo.

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Kalolo, J.F. Digital revolution and its impact on education systems in developing countries. Educ Inf Technol 24, 345–358 (2019).

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  • Digital era
  • Education systems
  • Digital revolution