Considering mobile device constraints and context-awareness in adaptive mobile learning for flipped classroom
- 224 Downloads
Today, the mobile technologies and Information and Communication Technology development opened the door on new methods and pedagogies of learning. We are talking here about the mobile learning and the flipped classroom approaches. The flipped classroom means that the activities that have traditionally taken place inside the classroom now take place outside the classroom and vice versa. The mobile learning and as its name suggests is done in a mobile and changeable environment by mobile learners. Therefore, the context notion plays a significant role in this type of learning. Hence, the usefulness of the context-aware mobile learning systems. These systems take into account the different context dimensions to offer to the learners an adapted learning according to their situations. The approach proposed in this paper called Smart Enhanced Context-Aware for Flipped Mobile Learning “SECA-FML” aims to provide learners with an adapted course content format based on their context by taking into account the different context dimensions and especially the mobile device context. The latter has a significant influence on multimedia content in adaptive mobile learning. The contribution was applied in the context of the flipped learning in order to manage the heterogeneity of context imposed by this approach. To validate our contribution, we have developed an Android mobile application. This application has been made available to learners to try and exploit it. At the end of the experimentation phase, the learner is asked to complete a questionnaire. Based on this questionnaire, we measured the reliability and effectiveness of our contribution, as well as the satisfaction of the learners towards the latter. The evaluation results showed that the use of the context dimensions and specifically the device context in adaptive mobile learning is more beneficial for learners especially in the flipped classroom.
KeywordsMobile learning Flipped learning Adaptive learning Context Context-awareness Device context Education ICT Educational technology HCI
- Bergmann, J., Sams, A. (2012). How the flipped classroom is radically transforming learning. http://www.thedailyriff.com/articles/how-the-flipped-classroom-is-radically-transforming-learning-536.php. Accessed 23 June 2017.
- de Sá , M., Carriço, L. (2009). A mobile tool for in-situ prototyping. In Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (MobileHCI '09). ACM. 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1145/1613858.1613884
- Dey, A.K. (2000). Providing architectural support for building context-aware applications. Doctoral Dissertation, Department of Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.Google Scholar
- Felder, R. M., & Silverman, L. K. (1988). Learning and teaching styles in engineering education. Engineering Education, 78(7), 674–668.Google Scholar
- Li, M., Ogata, H., Hou, B., Uosaki, N., & Mouri, K. (2013). Context-aware and Personalization Method in Ubiquitous Learning Log System. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 16(3), 362–373.Google Scholar
- Lima, R. H., El-Bishouty, M. M., Graf, S. (2013). A framework for automatic identification and visualization of mobile device functionalities and usage. In A. Holzinger & G. Pasi (Eds.), Human-computer interaction and knowledge discovery in complex, unstructured, big data. Lecture notes in computer science (Vol. 7947, pp. 148–159). Berlin: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39146-0_14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Louhab, F. E., Bahnasse, A., & Talea, M. (2017). Towards a contextual mobile learning deployment: An overview. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security., 17(7), 80–87.Google Scholar
- Petersen, S.A., Markiewicz, J.-K. (2008). PALLAS: Personalised language learning on mobile devices. In Proceedings of the Fifth IEEE International Conference on Wireless, Mobile, and Ubiquitous Technology in Education. IEEE. 52–59. https://doi.org/10.1109/WMUTE.2008.17.
- Soloman, B.A., Felder, R.M. (2005). Index of learning styles questionnaire. https://www.webtools.ncsu.edu/learningstyles/. Accessed 13 March 2017.
- Wong, G. K. (2016). A new wave of innovation using mobile learning analytics for flipped classroom. In D. Churchill, J. Lu, T. Chiu & B. Fox (Eds.), Mobile learning design. Lecture notes in educational technology (pp. 189–218). Singapore: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-0027-0_12. Google Scholar
- Zhao, X., Anma, F., Ninomiya, T., & Okamoto, T. (2008). Personalized adaptive content system for context-aware mobile learning. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security., 8(8), 153–161.Google Scholar