Students’ perceptions of clickers as an instructional tool to promote active learning
- 780 Downloads
The purpose of this study was to evaluate students’ perceptions of clickers as an instructional tool to promote active learning in a Physical Geography undergraduate class. A convenience sample of 24 undergraduate students registered in a physical geography course was assigned clickers to answer chapter quizzes in class for 15 weeks during the semester. Data from student interviews, student surveys, and exam grades were used to analyze the findings. Overall, students were satisfied and gave high approval ratings for the use of clickers, particularly for enhancing their participation and engagement in class lectures. The study findings show that clickers promote student engagement in the teaching and learning process. However, students did not find clickers to be a motivating factor to study more for the course. The implications for the use of clickers as instructional tools to improve active teaching and learning in technology-rich classrooms are also discussed.
KeywordsActive learning Clickers Interactive technology SMART response system Student response systems Student engagement
- Beatty, I. (2004). Transforming student learning with classroom communication systems. ECAR, 3, 1–13.Google Scholar
- Brown, J. S., Collins, A., & Duguid, P. (1989). Situated cognition and the culture of learning. Educational Researcher, 18, 32–42.Google Scholar
- Buhay, D., Best, L., & McGuire, K. (2010). The effectiveness of library instruction: Do student response systems (clickers) enhance learning? The Canadian Journal of Teaching and Learning, 1(1): Retrieved May 23, 2011 from http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cjsotl_rcacea/vol1/iss1/5/.
- Chickering, A. W., & Gamson, Z. F. (1991). Applying the seven principles for good practice in undergraduate education. New Direction for Teaching, no.47, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- DeBourgh, G. (2007). Use of classroom “clickers” to promote acquisition of advanced reasoning skills. Nurse Education in Practice, 8, 76–87.Google Scholar
- DeCaprariis, P. P. (1997). Impediments to providing scientific literacy to students in introductory survey courses. Journal of Geoscience Education, 45(3), 207–210.Google Scholar
- Dolinsky, B. (2001). An active learning approach to teaching statistics. Teaching of Psychology, 28, 55–56.Google Scholar
- Draper, S. W., Cargill, J., & Cutts, Q. (2002). Electronically enhanced classroom interaction. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 18(1), 13–23.Google Scholar
- Driscoll, M. P. (2005). Psychology for learning and instruction. Boston: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Duncan, D. (2005). Clickers in the classroom: How to enhance science teaching using classroom response systems. San Francisco: Pearson Education/Addison Wesley/Benjamin Cummings.Google Scholar
- Greer, L., & Heaney, P. J. (2004). Real time analysis of student comprehension: an assessment of electronic student response technology in an introductory earth science course. Journal of Geoscience Education, 52(4), 345–351.Google Scholar
- Guthrie, R., & Carlin, A. (2004). Waking the dead: Using interactive technology to engage passive listeners in the classroom. New York: Proceedings of the tenth Americas Conference on Information Systems.Google Scholar
- Johnson, J. T. (2005). Creating learner centered classrooms: use of an audience response system in pediatric dentistry education. Journal of Dental Education, 69(3), 378–381.Google Scholar
- Johnson, K., & Lillis, C. (2010). Clickers in the laboratory: student thoughts and views. Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management, 5, 139–151.Google Scholar
- Judson, E., & Sawada, D. (2002). Learning from past and present: Electronic response systems in college lecture halls. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 21(2), 167–181.Google Scholar
- Kyei-Blankson, L. (2009). Enhancing student learning in a graduate research methods and statistics course with clickers. EDUCAUSE Quarterly, 32(4). Retrieved May 23, 2011 from http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/EDUCAUSEQuarterlyMagazineVolum/EnhancingStudentLearninginaGra/192963.
- Laurillard, D. (1993). Rethinking university teaching: A framework for the effective use of educational technology. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- MacGeorge, E. L., Homan, S. R., Dunning, J. B., Elmore, D., Bodie, G. D., & Evans, E. (2007). Student evaluation of audience response technology in large lecture classes. Educational Technology Research and Development. doi: 10.1007/s11423-007-9053-6.
- Majerich, D., Stull, J., Varnum, S. J., & Ducette, J. P. (2011). Facilitation of formative assessments using clickers in a university physics course. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 7, 12–24.Google Scholar
- Maletiou-Mavrotheris, M., Paparistodemou, E., & Stylianou, D. (2009). Enhancing statistics instruction in elementary schools: integrating technology in professional development. The Montana Mathematics Enthusiast, 6, 57–58.Google Scholar
- McConnell, D., Steer, D., & Owens, K. (2003). Assessment and active learning strategies for introductory geology courses. Journal of Geoscience Education, 51(2), 205–216.Google Scholar
- Pan, W., & Tang, M. (2004). Examining the effectiveness of innovative instructional methods on reducing Statistics anxiety for graduate students in the social sciences. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 31(2), 149–159.Google Scholar
- Perry, N., VandeKamp, K., Mercer, L., & Nordby, C. (2002). Investigating teacher-student interactions that foster self-regulating learning. Educational Psychologist, 37(1), 5–15.Google Scholar
- Pinet, P. R. (1995). Rediscovering geological principles by collaborative learning. Journal of Geoscience Education, 43, 371–376.Google Scholar
- Stagg, A., & Lane, M. (2010). Using clickers to support information literacy skills development and instruction in first-year business students. Journal of Information Technology Education, 9, 197–215.Google Scholar
- Tobias, S. (1990). They’re not dumb, they’re different: Stalking the second tier. Tucson: Research Corporation.Google Scholar
- Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society. Cambridge: MIT.Google Scholar