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Cell-growth and migration inhibition of human mesothelioma cells induced by 3-O-Methylfunicone from Penicillium pinophilum and cisplatin

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Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a fatal malignancy linked to asbestos exposure. The main challenge for mesothelioma treatment is to go beyond the drug resistance, in particular against cisplatin (CDDP), one of the most used chemotherapeutic drug. 3-O-methylfunicone (OMF) is a metabolite produced by the fungus Penicillium pinophilum; its antiproliferative properties have been previously studied in vitro. Particularly, OMF is able to inhibit mesothelioma cell motility. To improve the effects of CDDP by-passing the resistance of mesothelioma cells to this drug, in the present study we investigated the combined treatment of OMF with CDDP respectively in an established mesothelioma cell line (NCI) and primary mesothelioma cells (Mest). As compared to the effect of single treatments, the combination of OMF and CDDP resulted in a stronger inhibition of NCI and Mest cell proliferation. OMF combination with CDDP was also able to affect the migratory ability of NCI and Mest cells by down-regulating αv and β5 expression and reducing metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) production. In addition, this association was effective in modulating VEGF gene expression. This finding highlights the possibility to use OMF and CDDP together to regulate angiogenesis and tumour progression in mesothelioma.

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This study was supported by grants from Convenzione Registro Mesoteliomi-Regione Campania (2006–2008)

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Correspondence to Maria Antonietta Tufano.

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Buommino, E., De Filippis, A., Nicoletti, R. et al. Cell-growth and migration inhibition of human mesothelioma cells induced by 3-O-Methylfunicone from Penicillium pinophilum and cisplatin. Invest New Drugs 30, 1343–1351 (2012).

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