Optimal Control of Two-Stage Discrete Event Systems with Real-Time Constraints

Abstract

We consider discrete event systems (DES) involving tasks with real-time constraints and seek to control processing times so as to minimize a cost function subject to each task meeting its own constraint. When tasks are processed over a single stage, it has been shown that there are structural properties of the optimal sample path that lead to very efficient solutions of such problems. When tasks are processed over multiple stages and are subject to end-to-end real-time constraints, these properties no longer hold and no obvious extensions are known. We consider a two-stage problem with homogeneous cost functions over all tasks at each stage and derive several new optimality properties. These properties lead to the idea of introducing “virtual” deadlines at the first stage, thus partially decoupling the stages so that the known efficient solutions for single-stage problems can be used. We prove that the solution obtained by an iterative virtual deadline algorithm (VDA) converges to the global optimal solution of the two-stage problem and illustrate the efficiency of the VDA through numerical examples.

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Correspondence to Jianfeng Mao.

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The authors’ work is supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant DMI-0330171, by AFOSR under grants FA9550-04-1-0133 and FA9550-04-1-0208, by DOE under grant DE-FG52-06NA27490, and by ARO under grant DAAD19-01-0610.

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Mao, J., Cassandras, C.G. Optimal Control of Two-Stage Discrete Event Systems with Real-Time Constraints. Discrete Event Dyn Syst 17, 505–529 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10626-007-0019-y

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Keywords

  • Discrete event system
  • Optimal control
  • Real-time constraint