Skip to main content

Peeling the onion: domestically trafficked minors and other sex work involved youth

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. A technique to derive population estimates from smaller samples and understand how groups are socially networked. A small number of participants or “seeds” are interviewed, and participants are given three coupons and asked to give them to similar friends/acquaintances like them. Chains develop, and researchers keep track of how groups are networked and ultimately derive population estimates.


  • Agustín, L.M. 2007. Sex at the margins: Migration, labour, and the rescue industry. London: Zed Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bernstein, E. 2007. Temporarily yours: Intimacy, authenticity, and the commerce of sex. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Bernstein, E. 2010. Militarized humanism meets carceral feminism: The politics of sex, rights, and freedom in contemporary anti-trafficking campaigns. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 36(1): 45–71.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Block, J. 2004. Sex trafficking: Why the faith trade is interested in the sex trade? Conscience, Summer/Autumn. Available online at:

  • Clift, S., and S. Carter. 2000. Tourism and sex: Culture, commerce and coercion. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen, S. 1972, 2011. Folk devils and moral panics. New York, NY: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Curtis, R., K. Terry, M. Dank, K. Dombrowski, K. Khan, A. Muslim, M. Labriola, and M. Rempel. 2008. The commercial sexual exploitation of children in New York City. Report Submitted to the National Institute of Justice, United States Department of Justice. Retrieved from

  • Dank, M. 2011. The commercial sexual exploitation of children. El Paso, TX: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ditmore, M. 2005. Trafficking in lives: How ideology shapes policy? In Trafficking and prostitution reconsidered: New perspectives on migration, sex work and human rights, ed. K. Kempadoo, J. Sanghera, and B. Pattanaik. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dorias, M. 2005. Rent boys: The world of male sex world of male sex workers. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kempadoo, K., S. Sanghera, and B. Pattanaik. 2005. Trafficking and prostitution reconsidered: New perspectives on migration, sex work, and human rights. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lloyd, R. 2011. Girls like us: Fighting for a world where girls are not for sale, an activist finds her calling and heals herself. New York, NY: Harper-Collins.

    Google Scholar 

  • Marcus, A., A. Horning, R. Curtis, and E. Missula. 2013. Is sex trafficking profitable? Pimp business models, the commercial sexual exploitation of children and street sex members in the United States (under review).

  • US Department of State. 2000. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000. Available online at:

  • US Department of State. 2003. Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2003. Available online at:

  • Weitzer, R. 2010a. The movement to criminalize sex work in the United States. Journal of Law and Society 37(1): 61–84.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Weitzer, R. 2010b. The mythology of prostitution advocacy research in public policy. Sexuality Research and Social Policy 7: 15–29.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Amber Horning.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Horning, A. Peeling the onion: domestically trafficked minors and other sex work involved youth. Dialect Anthropol 37, 299–307 (2013).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: