Dialectical Anthropology

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 209–217 | Cite as

Modern dominicanidad: nation-building and politics of exclusion in Santo Domingo since the 1880s

  • Erin B. Taylor


A tale of two cities: Santo Domingo and New York after 1950.

By Jesse Hoffnung-Garskof (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008, 352 pp)

Nation and citizen in the Dominican Republic, 1880–1916.

By Teresita Martínez-Vergne (Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2005, 256 pp)

Between 1930 and 1961, the dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo took firm control of nation-building in the Dominican Republic. During this period he mobilized state historians, government departments, and the media to distance dominicanidad [Dominicanness] from Africa and orient it towards Europe. Trujillo’s regime defined the national color as indio [Indian] and disseminated a racist discourse of antihaitianismo[anti-Haitianism] to posit the nation as civilized and modern in opposition to Haiti’s poverty and primitivism. Santo Domingo, renamed Ciudad Trujillo, was the primary site for the objectification of national identity. Under Trujillo’s authority, inner-city slums were cleared to...


  1. Bosch, J. 1992. Clases sociales en la República Dominicana. Santo Domingo: Editora Corripio.Google Scholar
  2. Collado, L. 1992. El Tíguere Dominicano. Santo Domingo: Panamericana.Google Scholar
  3. Derby, L.H. 1998. The magic of modernity: Dictatorship and civic culture in the dominican republic, 1916–1962. Ph.D., The University of Chicago.Google Scholar
  4. Ferguson, J. 1992. The Dominican Republic: Beyond the lighthouse. London: Latin America Bureau.Google Scholar
  5. Gregory, Steven. 2007. The devil behind the mirror: Globalization and politics in the dominican republic. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Hoffnung-Garskof, J. 2008. A tale of two cities: Santo Domingo and New York after 1950. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Krohn-Hansen, C. 1996. Masculinity and the political among dominicans: The dominican tiger. In Machos, mistresses, madonnas: Contesting the power of latin American gender imagery, ed. M. Melhuus, and K.A. Stølen. London and New York: Verso.Google Scholar
  8. Martínez-Vergne, T. 2005. Nation and citizen in the dominican republic, 1880–1916. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Google Scholar
  9. Robotham, D. 1998. Transnationalism in the Caribbean: Formal and informal. American Ethnologist 25: 307–321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sagás, E. 2000. Race and politics in the dominican republic. Gainesville: University Press of Florida.Google Scholar
  11. Scott, J. 1985. Weapons of the weak: Everyday forms of peasant resistance. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Taylor, E.B. 2009a. From el campo to el barrio: Memory and social imaginaries in Santo Domingo. Identities Studies in Global Power and Culture 16 (2): 157–178.Google Scholar
  13. Taylor, E.B. 2009b. Poverty as danger: Fear of crime in Santo Domingo. International Journal of Cultural Studies 12: 35–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Torres-Saillant, S. 2000. The tribulations of blackness: Stages in dominican racial identity. Callaloo 23: 1086–1111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wilson, P.J. 1973. Crab antics: The social anthropology of english-speaking Negro societies of the Caribbean. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Wolf, E.R. 1967. Caudillo politics: A structural analysis. Comparative Studies in Society and History 9: 168–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SydneySydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations