The questions asked to candidates should be relevant job-specific questions mostly with regard to the responsibilities of the trainee or future attending in gastroenterology . Certain types of interview questions have been studied broadly in selections as to their reliability and validity:
Behavioral questions attempt to predict future behavior on the basis of recollection of previous behavior. These questions usually ask the candidate to describe a situation, the action taken by the candidate, and the resultant consequence. For example, a candidate may be asked to describe an instance when their clinical opinion differed from that of the attending physician .
Situational questions ask candidates to describe how they would handle hypothetical future scenarios. They are based on the hypothesis that future behaviors are predicated on current intentions. For example, a candidate may be asked what they would do if a junior resident was bullied by a colleague .
Cognitive questions ask candidates about knowledge relevant to gastroenterology. They are based on the premise that knowledge of the specialty predicts interest or performance in the discipline. For example, a candidate may be asked how to classify colonic polyp morphology. Nonetheless, there is little consensus that cognitive questions are predictive of superior residency performance .
Interviewers should absolutely refrain from questions that discriminate on the basis of race, color, sex, age, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, or disability. This includes discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and child-rearing plans. Furthermore, program should refrain from asking identifying information about the other programs or specialties to which the applicant has applied .
We recommend an approach similar to the Association of American Medical Colleges' (AAMC) Best Practices for Conducting Residency Program Interviews , as shown in Fig. 2, wherein program develop behavioral or situational questions in a manner that assigns them to specific competencies or fellow roles.