Effect of TELEmedicine for Inflammatory Bowel Disease on Patient Activation and Self-Efficacy

Abstract

Introduction

Limitations in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care necessitate greater patient activation and self-efficacy, measures associated with positive health outcomes.

Methods

We assessed change in patient activation and general self-efficacy from baseline to 12 months through our TELEmedicine for IBD trial, a multicenter, randomized controlled trial consisting of a web-based monitoring system that interacts with participants via text messaging. A total of 222 adults with IBD who had experienced an IBD flare within 2 years prior to the trial were randomized into either a control arm that received standard care (SC) or an intervention arm that completed self-testing through the TELE-IBD system every other week (EOW) or weekly (W).

Results

Changes in self-efficacy scores were not significantly different between control and experimental groups. Patient activation scores were significantly different between standard care and the TELE-IBD EOW group only (p = 0.03).

Conclusions

Use of remote monitoring did not improve self-efficacy or patient activation compared to routine care.

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Fig. 1

Change history

  • 02 December 2019

    This manuscript is a secondary analysis of a large multicenter randomized controlled trial. The primary study is Cross RK et al., A Randomized Controlled Trial of TELEmedicine for patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (TELE-IBD). Am J Gastroenterol, 2019 Mar.

  • 02 December 2019

    This manuscript is a secondary analysis of a large multicenter randomized controlled trial. The primary study is Cross RK et al., A Randomized Controlled Trial of TELEmedicine for patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (TELE-IBD). Am J Gastroenterol, 2019 Mar.

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Funding

This research was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (1R01HS018975-01A1) and the University of Maryland General Clinical Research Centers Program. Zaid Bilgrami was supported by the Program for Research Initiated by Students and Mentors (PRISM) at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

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Correspondence to Raymond K. Cross Jr..

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Bilgrami, Z., Abutaleb, A., Chudy-Onwugaje, K. et al. Effect of TELEmedicine for Inflammatory Bowel Disease on Patient Activation and Self-Efficacy. Dig Dis Sci 65, 96–103 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-5433-5

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Keywords

  • Telemedicine
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Patient activation
  • Self-efficacy