Colorectal Cancer Testing in the National Veterans Health Administration
- 238 Downloads
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is a priority for the Veteran’s Health Administration (VHA). Optimizing fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) is integral to CRC screening in health care systems.
The purpose of this study was to characterize the utilization of CRC testing in a large integrated health care system (VHA), determine current rates of CRC testing by FOBT and examine factors associated with lack of FOBT card return.
The VHA Office of Quality and Performance (OQP) collected data from a national sample of Veterans from October 2008 to September 2009. Rates and modality of CRC testing for eligible Veterans were calculated. Among those offered FOBT, bivariate analyses were performed to describe population characteristics by FOBT return. Logistic regression was used to determine factors independently associated with lack of FOBT return.
A total of 36,336 Veterans were included. On weighted analysis, 80.4% of Veterans received a form of CRC screening. The majority underwent colonoscopy in the prior 10 years (71.6%), followed by FOBT in the prior year (24.0%). A total of 31.0% did not return FOBT cards that were provided. Factors associated with a lack of FOBT return included: younger age, female gender, non-Caucasian race, living in the Northeast, current smoking and lack of influenza vaccination.
Overall rates of CRC screening in VHA are high. Systems-based practices within VHA likely play a role in successful CRC screening. CRC screening is most often via colonoscopy, followed by FOBT. Characteristics associated with non-adherence with FOBT may inform future quality improvement initiatives in health care systems.
KeywordsColorectal cancer Screening FOBT Colonoscopy Veterans Affairs
- 2.Screening for colorectal cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2008;149:627–637.Google Scholar
- 4.Levin B, Lieberman DA, McFarland B, et al. Screening and surveillance for the early detection of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps, 2008: a joint guideline from the American Cancer Society, the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, and the American College of Radiology. CA Cancer J Clin. 2008;58:130–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 5.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of colorectal cancer tests–United States, 2002, 2004, and 2006. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57:253–258.Google Scholar
- 10.Halpern J. The measurement of quality of care in the Veterans Health Administration. Med Care. 1996;34:MS55–68.Google Scholar
- 15.von Wagner C, Baio G, Raine R, et al. Inequalities in participation in an organized national colorectal cancer screening programme: results from the first 2.6 million invitations in England. Int J Epidemiol. 2011;40:712–718.Google Scholar