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Cytotechnology

, Volume 70, Issue 3, pp 921–927 | Cite as

Anti-inflammatory intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) suppresses homeostatic proliferation of B cells

  • Ayane Hori
  • Takashi Fujimura
  • Seiji Kawamoto
Original Article
  • 160 Downloads

Abstract

An intravenous injection of plasma-derived immunoglobulins is used for the treatment of severe infectious and autoimmune disorders. Despite of its clinical efficacy, precise mechanisms by which intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) suppresses proinflammatory immune response are still enigmatic. Here, we provide in vitro evidence that IVIg inhibits homeostatic proliferation of B cells accompanied by induction of their cell aggregation. The IVIg-driven suppression of B cell proliferation and induction of cell aggregation are both unaffected by treatment with a neutralizing antibody against low-affinity Fc receptors for IgG (CD16/FcγRIII and CD32/FcγRII), known cell surface ligands for IVIg. Our observations propose a new immunosuppressive action of IVIg, which directly acts on steady-state B cells to suppress their homeostatic expansion.

Keywords

Aggregation B cells Homeostatic proliferation Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest regarding this study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hiroshima Research Center for Healthy Aging (HiHA), Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of MatterHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan

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