, Volume 63, Issue 3, pp 259–268 | Cite as

In vitro trans-differentiation of human umbilical cord derived hematopoietic stem cells into hepatocyte like cells using combination of growth factors for cell based therapy

  • S. Sellamuthu
  • R. Manikandan
  • R. Thiagarajan
  • G. Babu
  • D. Dinesh
  • D. Prabhu
  • C. ArulvasuEmail author
Original Research


The aim of the study was to develop a new strategy for the differentiation of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) derived from UCB into hepatocyte like cells and also to estimate the effects of combination of fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF 4) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) on hematopoietic stem cell differentiation. HSCs were isolated and purified by magnetic activated cell sorting. HSCs were induced to hepatocyte like cells under a 2-step protocol with combination of growth factors. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect multiple genes related to hepatocyte like cells development and function. Hepatocyte like morphology was illustrated by inverted repeat microscope and the secretion of albumin and α- fetoprotein by these cells was confirmed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Hepatocyte like cells was observed at the end of the protocol (days 14). These differentiated cells were observed to show high expression of genes related to hepatocytes (tryptophan 2, 3-dioxygenase [TO], glucose 6-phosphate [G6P], cytokeratin 18 [CK 18], albumin and α- fetoprotein [AFP]). The quantities of albumin and AFP at day 0 were low and upon differentiation the cells were able to produce albumin and AFP at high levels. Our results show a new strategy for differentiation in a short duration, using a combination of growth factors for the differentiation of umbilical cord blood derived HSC into hepatocyte like cells under certain in vitro conditions. After further studies this approach has the potency, for widespread cell replacement therapy for liver diseases.


Growth factors Hematopoietic stem cell Hepatocyte Trans-differentiation Umbilical cord blood 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Sellamuthu
    • 1
  • R. Manikandan
    • 2
  • R. Thiagarajan
    • 3
  • G. Babu
    • 1
  • D. Dinesh
    • 1
  • D. Prabhu
    • 1
  • C. Arulvasu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Animal Health and ManagementAlagappa UniversityKaraikudiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnology, School of Chemical and BiotechnologySastra University ThanjavurIndia

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