Clinical Social Work Journal

, Volume 32, Issue 4, pp 377–393 | Cite as

Voices of 9/11 First Responders: Patterns of Collective Resilience

  • Tovia G. Freedman


The aim of the ethnographic research reported here was to increase knowledge concerning the values and social and emotional characteristics of 9/11 responders in order to benefit others in subsequent manmade disasters. The research is based on a series of in-depth interviews conducted with ground zero first responders; firefighters, police officers, fire and police chaplains, and media persons. The materials that emerged from the study indicate that psychodynamic concepts, such as post-traumatic stress, may be too individualistically formulated to take into account the significant factors that acted as the basis for the resilience of these responders.

first responders disaster work interventions resilience trauma 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tovia G. Freedman
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaSolomon Asch Center for Study of Ethnopolitical ConflictPA

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