Skip to main content
Log in

Jock Young and the Development of Left Realist Criminology

  • Published:
Critical Criminology Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

This article traces Jock Young’s contribution to the development of Left Realist criminology beginning with the political interventions of the mid 1980s progressing through the development of the ‘square of crime’ as the conceptual framework for a Left Realist research programme to some of the final formulations in his later works. The emphasis of the article is less on critical receptions of Left Realism by the wider criminological community than on demonstrating the consistency of Jock’s commitment to following through the implications of the Left Realist paradigm.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Bauman, Z. (2000). Liquid modernity. Cambridge, UK : Malden, MA: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brogden, M. (1982). The police: Autonomy and consent. London: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Coleman, A. (1985). Utopia on trial. London: Hilary Shipman.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cornish, D., & Clarke, R. (1986). The reasoning criminal: Rational choice perspectives on offending. New York: Springer.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Currie, E. (1985). Confronting crime: An American challenge. New York: Random House.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ferrell, J., Hayward, K., & Young, J. (2008). Cultural criminology: An invitation. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fitzgibbon, D. (2007). Institutional racism, pre-emptive criminalisation and risk analysis. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 46, 128–144.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fraser, N. (1997). Justice interruptus: Critical reflections on the ‘post Socialist’ condition. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gamble, A. (1988). The free economy and the strong state. London: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Garland, D. (2001). The culture of control: Crime and social order in contemporary society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J., & Roberts, B. (1978). Policing the crisis: Mugging, the state and law and order. London: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Harcourt, B. (2001). Illusion of order: The false promise of broken windows policing. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hopkins Burke, R. (2005). An introduction to criminological theory. Cullompton: Willan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hough, M., & Mayhew, P. (1983). The British crime survey: First report. London: HMSO. Home Office Research Study76.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jacobs, J. (1961). The death and life of great American cities. New York: Random House.

    Google Scholar 

  • Jones, T., MacLean, B., & Young, J. (1986). The Islington crime survey: Victimization and policing in inner-city London. Aldershot: Gower.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kinsey, R. (1984). First report of the Merseyside crime survey. Liverpool: Merseyside County Council.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kinsey, R., Lea, J., & Young, J. (1986). Losing the fight against crime. Oxford: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lea, J. (1992). Left realism: A framework for the analysis of crime. In J. Young & R. Matthews (Eds.), Rethinking criminology: The realist debate. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lea, J. (1997). Postfordism and criminality. In N. Jewson & S. MacGregor (Eds.), Transforming cities: Contested governance and new spatial divisions (pp. 42–55). London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lea, J. (2002). Crime and modernity. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lea, J. (2014). New deviancy, Marxism and the politics of left realism: Reflections on Jock Young’s early writings. Theoretical Criminology, 18(4), 432–440.

  • Lea, J., & Young, J. (1982). The riots in Britain 1981: Urban violence and political marginalisation. In D. Cowell, T. Jones, & J. Young (Eds.), Policing the riots (pp. 5–21). London: Junction Books.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lea, J., & Young, J. (1984). What is to be done about law and order?—Crisis in the Eighties. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

    Google Scholar 

  • MacLean, B., & DeKeseredy, W. S. (1990). Taking working class victimization seriously: The contribution of Left Realist surveys. The International Review of Modern Sociology, 20(2), 211–228.

    Google Scholar 

  • Matthews, R. (1992). Replacing broken windows: Crime, incivilities and urban change. In R. Matthews & J. Young (Eds.), Issues in realist criminology (pp. 19–50). London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Matthews, R. (2009). Beyond ‘so what?’ criminology: Rediscovering realism. Theoretical Criminology, 13, 341–362.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Newman, O. (1973). Defensible space: People and design in the violent city. London: Architectural Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Osborn, S., & Shaftoe, H. (1995). Successes and failures in neighbourhood crime prevention. Housing Research, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

    Google Scholar 

  • Overbeek, H. (1990). Global capitalism and National decline: The Thatcher decade in perspective. London, Boston: Unwin Hyman.

    Google Scholar 

  • Skogan, W. (1988). Disorder, crime and community decline. In T. Hope & M. Shaw (Eds.), Communities and crime reduction. London: HMSO.

    Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, I., Walton, P., & Young, J. (1973). The new criminology: For a social theory of deviance. London: Routledge.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Wacquant, L. (2009). Punishing the poor: The neoliberal government of social insecurity. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Wilson, J. Q., & Kelling, G. F. (1982). Broken windows: The police and neighborhood safety. Atlantic Monthly, 249(3), 29–38.

  • Yar, M., & Penna, S. (2004). Between positivism and post-modernity?: Critical reflections on Jock Young’s The exclusive society. British Journal of Criminology, 44(4), 533–549.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1971). The drugtakers: The social meaning of drug use. St. Albans: Paladin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1975). Working class criminology. In I. Taylor, P. Walton, & J. Young (Eds.), Critical criminology (pp. 63–94). London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1979). Left idealism, reformism and beyond: From new criminology to Marxism. In B. Fine, R. Kinsey, J. Lea, S. Picciotto, & J. Young (Eds.), Capitalism and the rule of law: From deviancy theory to Marxism (pp. 1–28). London: Hutchinson.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1986). The failure of criminology: The need for a radical realism. In R. Matthews & J. Young (Eds.), Confronting crime (pp. 4–30). London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1987). The tasks of a realist criminology. Contemporary Crises, 11(4), 337–356.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1991). Left realism and the priorities of crime control. In: K. Stenson & D. Cowell (Eds.), The politics of crime control (pp. 146–160). London: Sage.

  • Young, J. (1992). Ten points of realism. In J. Young & R. Matthews (Eds.), Rethinking criminology: The realist debate (pp. 24–68). London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (1999). The exclusive society: Social exclusion, crime and difference in late modernity. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (2007). The vertigo of late modernity. London: Sage.

    Google Scholar 

  • Young, J. (2011). The criminological imagination. Cambridge: Polity Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to John Lea.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lea, J. Jock Young and the Development of Left Realist Criminology. Crit Crim 23, 165–177 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10612-015-9273-8

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10612-015-9273-8

Keywords

Navigation