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“I Don’t Know Where it is Safe”: Trans Women’s Experiences of Violence


Scholars are only beginning to take account of how trans people experience violence motivated by their gender identity and expression. Based on a series of focus groups and interviews across Canada, this article aims to further this area of inquiry. The fear of victimization, and thus hyper-vigilance, seems to be particularly acute among trans women. Many of them spoke of the multiple and complex layers through which they defined “safety” and lack thereof. We share their experiences and perceptions of the threat of hate motivated violence, and their subsequent reactions.

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Correspondence to Barbara Perry.

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Perry, B., Dyck, D.R. “I Don’t Know Where it is Safe”: Trans Women’s Experiences of Violence. Crit Crim 22, 49–63 (2014).

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  • Gender Identity
  • Sexual Desire
  • Hate Crime
  • Normative Hierarchy
  • Gender Expression